trismus


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trismus

Pathol the state or condition of being unable to open the mouth because of sustained contractions of the jaw muscles, caused by a form of tetanus

Trismus

 

a tonic contraction of the masticatory muscles; a form of spasm. Trismus is a characteristic symptom of tetanus, and it frequently accompanies inflammations in the region of the lower jaw and masticatory muscles; it also occurs in cases of meningitis, cerebral hemorrhage, and various other disorders. If moderate in degree, trismus allows partial opening of the mouth; in severe cases (lockjaw), the teeth are clenched together and the patient cannot open his mouth to eat or drink. Trismus is treated by treating the disease that causes it. The patient is given food and liquids by hypodermic injection until the symptom is relieved.

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7% patients using MISS (0=no difficulty; 1=mild to moderate difficulty and 2=severe difficulty often requiring a change in the intubation technique) because of tumour- or radiation fibrosis-related trismus, restricted neck mobility and prior similar surgeries.
The most commonly affected demographic consists of those in their late-teens to early 30s; and virtually all had the classic symptoms of trismus, muffled voice, and uvular deviation.
In the treatment of phlegmon of the mouth floor it is vital to secure the patency of the upper airways, especially in patients with intensified dyspnoea and trismus.
There are two phases, the acute phase characterised by jaw pain, trismus and swelling of masticatory muscles and chronic phase, characterised by muscle atrophy (Anderson and Harvey, 1993; Melmed et al.
Trismus, interincisal distance of 15 to 25 mm, buccal mucosa appears pale, firmly attached to underlying tissues, atrophy of vermilion border, vertical fibrous bands palpable at the soft palate, pterygomandibular raphe and anterior faucial pillars.
Many studies have reported that DX given perioperatively was effective in reducing postoperative discomfort (pain, trismus andoedema) after impacted third molar surgical extraction.
Trismus and non-surgical paraesthesia due to needle injury to inferior alveolar or lingual nerve is prevented in infiltration technique.
Only about 40% or less of respondents reported examining all patients for the presence of xerostomia, trismus, and discussing the importance of seeking routine professional dental care.
To prevent and treat trismus (jaw stiffness), exercise the jaw muscles 3 times a day by opening and closing the mouth as far as possible (without causing pain) 20 times
Table 19: Incidence of EPS Compared to Placebo in the Adjunctive Therapy Bipolar Depression Studies LATUDA Placebo 20to 120 mg/day (N=334) (N=360) Adverse Event Term (%) (%) All EPS events 13 24 All EPS events, excluding 9 14 Akathisia/ Restlessness Akathisia 5 11 Dystonia * <1 1 Parkinsonism ** 8 13 Restlessness <1 4 Note: Figures rounded to the nearest integer * Dystonia includes adverse event terms: dystonia, oculogyric crisis, oromandibular dystonia, tongue spasm, torticollis, and trismus ** Parkinsonism includes adverse event terms: bradykinesia, cogwheel rigidity, drooling, extrapyramidal disorder, glabellar reflex abnormal, hypokinesia, muscle rigidity, parkinsonism, psychomotor retardation, and tremor
Las caracteristicas clinicas incluyen deformidades simetricas en manos y pies, rigidez articular, luxaciones, atrofia muscular, movilidad mandibular limitada, micrognatia, trismus, hoyuelos, etc.
It was often not possible to open the mouth due to trismus, surgical splints or the destructive nature of the injury, and in those cases, a nasal catheter was passed blindly through the nose into the pharynx.