(redirected from trisyllabic)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


A syllable is a sequence of speech sounds (formed from vowels and consonants) organized into a single unit. Syllables act as the building blocks of a spoken word, determining the pace and rhythm of how the word is pronounced.
The three structural elements of a syllable are the nucleus, the onset, and the coda.
Syllables can be structured several ways, but they always contain a nucleus, which is (usually) formed from a vowel sound. The nucleus is the core of the syllable, indicating its individual “beat” within a word; the number of syllables in a word will be determined by the number of vowel sounds forming their nuclei.
Continue reading...
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the minimal articulated unit of speech, consisting of one or several sounds that form a compact phonetic entity and that occur during one chest pulse. Proponents of various theories concerning the syllable believe that a syllable is produced by one muscular contraction, by modulation (narrowing and widening) of the pharynx, or by the degree of sonority and the order in which sounds are uttered.

A syllable is composed of a beginning (onset), a peak (nucleus), and a final part (coda). A peak is formed by simple vowels (ma-ma), by sonorants in some languages (Czech prst, “finger”), and occasionally by obstruents (psst!). A syllable’s beginning and end are formed by one or more consonants; in some languages a syllable may consist only of a peak (o-ni, “they”). Syllables are closed when they end in a consonant and open when they end in a vowel. They are uncovered when they begin with a vowel and covered when they begin with a consonant. The commonest syllable structure, found in all languages of the world, is consonant followed by vowel.

Division into syllables often does not correspond to division into morphemes. In the word ruchka (“handle”), morphemes for example, there are two syllables (ru-chka) but three morphemes (ruch-k-a). In syllabic languages, such as Chinese, morphemes are generally monosyllabic and syllable and morpheme boundaries coincide. In such languages, the beginning of a syllable is contrasted to its end, which is limited to certain permissible sounds.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Trisyllabic word lists were repeated 100% without masking and at every masking severity level in all participants.
FSWs for the target sound /k/ are all disyllabic or trisyllabic, and in all cases except for "tucano" (toucan), "escuro" (dark) and "buque" (bouquet), present the target sound in a post-stress syllable, as suggested by a previous study [8].
Indeed, the trisyllabic shape of the pK form suggests that it is either a loan or a compound, since Koreans roots are either mono- or disyllabic.
(10) Plodding iambic pentameter of rhyming couplets makes up the verse with two metrical exceptions in the first couplet and the last: Geron's attempt to squeeze his learning (using trisyllabic classical names) into the poem's opening jars metrically with Doris's disyllabic name, which appears baser by association; in the final couplet Geron searches for a rhyme with his name, pronounced 'Gerone', and clumsily settles on 'hear on'.
Corresponding to the accentual and syllabic conditions of the language, Russian verse permits free use of masculine, feminine, and trisyllabic (dactylic) rhyme, even though the imitation of foreign models (at first Polish, then German and French) for a long time limited these uses.
Disyllabic roots constitute the largest percentage of the root list (69%), followed by trisyllabic roots (21%).
Apart from this, he says that such forms as all-derrmann, hinnderrlinng, and sunnderrrun reflect the effects of Trisyllabic Shortening (TRISH).
For example, Frauenfelder and Peeters (1990), conducted four different studies to compare the perception of the final fricatives /s/ and /sh/ in monosyllabic versus trisyllabic words.
In the extract above, the murdered child's family name, Cassamba, is linked through assonance to 'Labamba' and 'bambino,' evoking a Latino influence, but these words are also linked to the third line, 'bloedsproetsel geschpritztes' through the dominant cretic trisyllabic stress pattern--a relatively rare form of meter.
Both cola of the trisyllabic formula "I like / Ike" rhyme with each other, and the second of the two rhyming words is fully included in the first one (echo rhyme) ...
This means that a word which is underlyingly trisyllabic (three syllables) is realized as a disyllabic word on the surface representation.
We also analyze the possible role of syllabic units in a silent reading task involving disyllabic and trisyllabic words.