triumph


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triumph

1. (in ancient Rome) a ritual procession to the Capitoline Hill held in honour of a victorious general
2. Cards an obsolete word for trump

Triumph

 

under the Roman republic, the ceremonial entrance of a victorious general and his army into Rome. The triumphal procession, which began at the Campus Martius and ascended to the Temple of Jupiter on the Capitoline, was led by the members of the Senate and the magistrates. They were followed by the victorious general, who, crowned with laurel and bearing the attributes of Jupiter, rode in a chariot pulled by four white steeds. Attending the chariot were musicians and singers. Close behind marched the general’s troops, who carried the spoils and led the prize prisoners of war. When the procession reached the Capitoline, sacrifices were offered to Jupiter before the formal division of the spoils. Then a public feast and games were held in the Circus Maximus.

Triumphs, which were organized by authority of the Senate, represented the highest tribute that the state could pay to a victorious general, whose name was inscribed in the fasti triumphales (official records of trimphs). Under the empire, however, only emperors and their immediate relatives were honored by triumphs.

References in classic literature ?
But none shared the general feeling of dissatisfaction so keenly as Cedric the Saxon, who saw, in each advantage gained by the Norman challengers, a repeated triumph over the honour of England.
The Trojans would now have been worsted by the brave Achaeans and driven back to Ilius through their own cowardice, while the Argives, so great was their courage and endurance, would have achieved a triumph even against the will of Jove, if Apollo had not roused Aeneas, in the likeness of Periphas son of Epytus, an attendant who had grown old in the service of Aeneas' aged father, and was at all times devoted to him.
It is the triumph of a good cause which fills the whole house of France with joy," said Anne of Austria.
All the same, I love and value nothing but triumph over them all, I value this mystic power and glory that is floating here above me in this mist
In the midst of my hard-won triumph I heard cheering.
Form triumphed over substance, if triumph it could be called where the last conceivable atom of substance had found expression in so perfect construction as to make Martin's head swim with delight, to put passionate tears into his eyes, and to send chills creeping up and down his back.
In the hero's erratic march from poverty in the first act, to wealth and triumph in the final one, in which he forgives all the enemies that he has left, he was assisted by the gallery, which applauded his generous and noble sentiments and confounded the speeches of his opponents by making irrelevant but very sharp remarks.
The Gnat thus prevailed over the Lion, and, buzzing about in a song of triumph, flew away.
Here was the young lord dead, his companion abroad and beyond his reach, ten thousand pounds gone at one blow, his plot with Gride overset at the very moment of triumph, his after-schemes discovered, himself in danger, the object of his persecution and Nicholas's love, his own wretched boy; everything crumbled and fallen upon him, and he beaten down beneath the ruins and grovelling in the dust.
In a word, she soon triumphed over all the virtuous resolutions of Jones; for though she behaved at last with all decent reluctance, yet I rather chuse to attribute the triumph to her, since, in fact, it was her design which succeeded.
For courage is the best slayer,--courage which ATTACKETH: for in every attack there is sound of triumph.
Next morning, Tuesday, Alexey Alexandrovitch, on waking up, recollected with pleasure his triumph of the previous day, and he could not help smiling, though he tried to appear indifferent, when the chief secretary of his department, anxious to flatter him, informed him of the rumors that had reached him concerning what had happened in the Commission.