triumphal arch


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triumphal arch,

monumental structure embodying one or more arched passages, frequently built to span a road and designed to honor a king or general or to commemorate a military triumph. This form of monument was probably invented by the Romans, who built them throughout the empire. Examples exist in Italy, France, Spain, Asia Minor, and North Africa, dating from the empire. The typical Roman triumphal arch had a single arched opening in the earliest examples, e.g., the Arch of Titus, Rome (A.D. 81); after the 2d cent. a large arch flanked by two smaller ones became common. The piers were faced with columns and enriched with sculptures or bas-reliefs relating to the events commemorated, while above the entablature was an attic story for dedicatory inscriptions supporting a quadriga, a sculptured four-horse chariot group. Among the Roman arches remaining are that of Trajan, at Benevento, Italy (114), relating the story of the emperor's life, and those of Septimius Severus (203) and of Constantine (c.315) at Rome, honoring the military victories of the two emperors. In modern times some arches have been built to celebrate military triumphs. Among them in Paris are the Porte Saint-Denis and the Porte Saint-Martin, both erected under the reign of Louis XIV, and the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel and the Arc de Triomphe de l'ÉtoileArc de Triomphe de l'Étoile
, imposing triumphal arch in Paris standing on an elevation at the end of the Avenue des Champs Élysées and in the center of the Place de l'Étoile, which is formed by the intersection of 12 radiating avenues.
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, both built at the decree of Napoleon I. Other well-known arches are the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin; the Victory Gate in Munich; the Marble Arch in London; and the Washington Arch in New York City.

Triumphal arch

An arch commemorating the return of a victorious army, usually located along the line of march during a triumphal procession.

Triumphal Arch

 

or gate, temporary or permanent monumental arched gate erected in commemoration of a great event. It has one or three spans covered by semicylin-drical vaults crowned with an entablature and a parapet wall and decorated with statues, bas-reliefs, and dedicative inscriptions. The triumphal arch originated in ancient Rome to celebrate the ceremonial entry of a victor—the arches of Titus (81), Septimius Severus (203), Constantine (315). Arches of the same style have been constructed in Paris on the Place du Carrousel (1806; architects, C. Persier and P. Fontaine) and Place de l’Etoile (1806–1837; architect, J. F. Chalgrin). In Russia triumphal arches were first built at the time of Peter I and were erected in commemoration of great military victories, such as the Triumphal Arch in Moscow (1827–34; architect, O. I. Bove; restored on Kutuzov Prospect in 1968) and the Narva Triumphal Arch in Leningrad (1833; architect, V. P. Stasov).

REFERENCE

Vseobshchaia istoriia arkhitektury, vol. 2, book 2. Moscow, 1948.

triumphal arch

An arch commemorating the return of a victorious army, usually in the line of march during its triumphal procession.
References in periodicals archive ?
Maximillian I, the Holy Roman Emperor, commissioned a magnificent engraved triumphal arch from the workshop of Albrecht Durer.
Tour itineraries, rich in propaganda, would most likely include the world's tallest triumphal arch, giant statues of 'eternal president' Kim Il-sung and his son Kim Jong-il, and the palace-turned-mausoleum where both of their bodies are on display.
Brandenberg Gate's triumphal arch looks all the all the more imposing without the Wall as a backdrop.
A 2008 entry for a new tower at the zero-longitude line in Greenwich, England, seems to attack the whole notion of lines and linearity, bulging and snaking like a broken slinky; a proposal last year for an information and video kiosk at the London Olympics is a bafflingly oblique, mirrored triumphal arch.
Sixty-three marathon runners from Germany passed through the Triumphal Arch in Skopje on 4 July marking the end of the traditional Marathon Race of Cultures.
Two years later the folk of Mineral Street celebrated again in style with an amazing triumphal arch for the coronation of King George VI in May 1937.
You'll be able to contribute to the Palace's floral triumphal arch, make your own bunting and learn about early photography.
That old Roman standby of a triumphal arch, in this case commemorating Emperor Caracalla, who bestowed citizenship on the empire's inhabitants in A.
Something of the massive simplicity of the original structure has been lost, but the case could be made that the resulting rhythms add a certain charm and monumentality to the building, which has gone from being -- in visual terms -- a lintel on a cornice to a three-fold structure that recalls a triumphal arch.
3) At right is a recruitment poster (4) To celebrate the Union victory and July Fourth, victory arches were built in Worcester, including this Triumphal Arch erected across Main Street, opposite Harrington Corner.
Thessaloniki, a familiar destination for many tourists from Bulgaria taking advantage of the swift and well-signposted drive once the border is crossed, is promoted as a cosmopolitan attraction that at the same time offers a number of sites of historical interest, among them the ancient forum, the Triumphal Arch of Galerius, the Rotunda, as well as Byzantine and Ottoman-era points of interest.
A triumphal arch was erected to commemorate his visit to the city in 203.