trochee

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trochee

Prosody a metrical foot of two syllables, the first long and the second short (– ⌣)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Trochee

 

(1) In metric versification, a foot three moras in length, consisting of one long and one short syllable (¯ ˅).

(2) In Russian syllabotonic versification, a two-syllable foot stressed on the first syllable. In trochaic verse the weak syllables are unstressed and the strong syllables may be either unstressed or stressed; the last syllable in a line must be stressed. Examples are Górnye vershíny (“Mountain peaks,” M. Iu. Lermontov; trochaic trimeter), Búria mglóiu nébo króet (“The storm covers the sky with mist,” A. S. Pushkin; trochaic tetrameter), Vykhozhúodín ia na dorógu (“I go out on the road alone,” Lermontov; trochaic pentameter), and Nét na svéte múk sil’née múki slóva (“There are no torments on earth more intense than the torment of the word,” S. Ia. Nadson; trochaic hexameter).

In Russian poetry of the 18th and 19th centuries the most common trochaic meter was the tetrameter. Beginning in the mid-19th century the trochaic pentameter became more widespread; other trochaic meters were rarely used.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The Trochaic Tetrameter in Greek Tragedy." The American Journal of Philology, vol.
Assuming the stress patterns are correct, we will see that this dialect (which belongs to Eastern Arabic) differs from all other eastern dialects (which are trochaic) insofar as it lacks final consonant extrametricality.
In these opening five lines the mode is no sooner present than it is subject to disfigurement, at first of a relatively mild kind, with the trochaic inversion of the postponed trimeter that makes us stress "Down" hard, a vocal thrust quite unlike the pitter-pattering iambs of "Love." But the poem then heads off on a very different tack.
The mirrored trochaic and iambic feet initiate a tentativeness in the opening line which echoes both the reader's uncertainty about the characters' situation and the stress that the narrative reveals: this is not a poem about dated apparel; this is not a steady, predictable metre any more than the state of this couple's relationship is solid.
In the first line, "I am" is indeed "far from normal," neither an iamb nor a trochee (like the other feet in the line); as I have noted, when the phrase is repeated two lines later the two "I am[s]" are still not iambic but trochaic. The final appearance of this phrase, in the final couplet of the poem, delivers a macabre punchline: "Then he put the gun to his head and shot / Crying absurdly, I am not." For the first time in the poem, here "I am" is divided across two iambic feet ("absurdly, I am not"), again giving the metrical lie to the facile self-identification of "I am" as iambic: "[iamb] not." The speaker tempts us with the possibility of this satisfying punning coincidence, but refuses to map the semantic onto the prosodic, to make the content obey its poetic container.
19, a charming four-voice setting in simple trochaic rhythms-may have originated in the late fourteenth century.
They are instructive in another way: 'horror' and 'anguish' are in these clauses equivalent not only because of syntactic and semantic considerations but also because they occupy a two-syllable slot with initial stress in what turns out to be a trochaic tetrameter.
The 16 papers explore such aspects of Slavic languages as the interplay of feature inheritance and information structure in Polish inverse copular sentences, a semantic analysis of Czech kind-denoting and group-denoting noun phrases, the rise of the indefinite article edin in Bulgarian, the syntax and semantics of directional axial expressions in Russian, trochaic lengthening in Neostokavian, the semantic compatibility of two Czech temporal adjuncts, and naturally-atomic singular noun-adjective construction kinds in Russian as lexically derived.
Yeats", using in "Quatrain by constrained quatrain" the same trochaic beat as Auden in the third section of his own poem.
If it is so, we have to study, whether in, for example, syllabic-accentual trochaic tetrameter (T4), a quantitative pattern characteristic, first of all to verse is formed, not being automatically derived from meter or prosodic structure of language.
Across stress systems, ITL is manifested such that trochaic feet are formed preferably from units (i.e., syllables or moras) of the same duration, whereas iambic feet are formed from units of different duration (Hayes 1995: 82), as follows: