Tetrameter in Greek Tragedy." The American Journal of Philology, vol.
Assuming the stress patterns are correct, we will see that this dialect (which belongs to Eastern Arabic) differs from all other eastern dialects (which are trochaic
) insofar as it lacks final consonant extrametricality.
In these opening five lines the mode is no sooner present than it is subject to disfigurement, at first of a relatively mild kind, with the trochaic
inversion of the postponed trimeter that makes us stress "Down" hard, a vocal thrust quite unlike the pitter-pattering iambs of "Love." But the poem then heads off on a very different tack.
The mirrored trochaic
and iambic feet initiate a tentativeness in the opening line which echoes both the reader's uncertainty about the characters' situation and the stress that the narrative reveals: this is not a poem about dated apparel; this is not a steady, predictable metre any more than the state of this couple's relationship is solid.
In the first line, "I am" is indeed "far from normal," neither an iamb nor a trochee (like the other feet in the line); as I have noted, when the phrase is repeated two lines later the two "I am[s]" are still not iambic but trochaic
. The final appearance of this phrase, in the final couplet of the poem, delivers a macabre punchline: "Then he put the gun to his head and shot / Crying absurdly, I am not." For the first time in the poem, here "I am" is divided across two iambic feet ("absurdly, I am not"), again giving the metrical lie to the facile self-identification of "I am" as iambic: "[iamb] not." The speaker tempts us with the possibility of this satisfying punning coincidence, but refuses to map the semantic onto the prosodic, to make the content obey its poetic container.
19, a charming four-voice setting in simple trochaic
rhythms-may have originated in the late fourteenth century.
They are instructive in another way: 'horror' and 'anguish' are in these clauses equivalent not only because of syntactic and semantic considerations but also because they occupy a two-syllable slot with initial stress in what turns out to be a trochaic
The 16 papers explore such aspects of Slavic languages as the interplay of feature inheritance and information structure in Polish inverse copular sentences, a semantic analysis of Czech kind-denoting and group-denoting noun phrases, the rise of the indefinite article edin in Bulgarian, the syntax and semantics of directional axial expressions in Russian, trochaic
lengthening in Neostokavian, the semantic compatibility of two Czech temporal adjuncts, and naturally-atomic singular noun-adjective construction kinds in Russian as lexically derived.
Yeats", using in "Quatrain by constrained quatrain" the same trochaic
beat as Auden in the third section of his own poem.
If it is so, we have to study, whether in, for example, syllabic-accentual trochaic
tetrameter (T4), a quantitative pattern characteristic, first of all to verse is formed, not being automatically derived from meter or prosodic structure of language.
Across stress systems, ITL is manifested such that trochaic
feet are formed preferably from units (i.e., syllables or moras) of the same duration, whereas iambic feet are formed from units of different duration (Hayes 1995: 82), as follows: