where BMD represents the estimated BMD value, k and c are the scaling and offset constants, respectively: TF, FN, FT, FI and WT represent total femur, femoral neck, femoral trochanter
, femoral inter-trochanter
and femoral ward's triangle, respectively.
Presenting symptoms of lesser trochanter
avulsion fractures can be vague, but are usually localized to the groin and medial hip region.
Therefore, a line joining the greater trochanter
and the lateral epicondyle of the femur was selected as the L line for method 2.
Some authors have stated that osteotomy of the trochanter
major may lead to early physeal closure and may cause growth retardation in the proximal femur (15).
4%), and too much of the lesser trochanter
was seen (22.
8 Dislocation of greater and lesser trochanter
due to fracture is reduced and fixed with steel wire or cable to restore the muscle attachments.
Various characters namely, head height (HH), head width (HW), proboscis length (PL), thorax length (TL), abdomen length (AL), fore wing length (FWL), fore wing width (FWW), cubital index (CI), hind wing length (HWL) and width (HWW), number of hamuli (NH) on hind wing, length of coxa (CL), trochanter
(TrL), femur (FL), tibia (TiL), and metatarsus length and width on hind leg (ML and MW) were studied (Fig.
ED (Maximum width of femur at its upper end), EF (Intertrochanteric distance), GH (Width of greater trochanter
at its upper end), IJ (maximum vertical length of greater trochanter
), KL (width of greater trochanter
at its lower end).
The canal flare index (CFI) was the ratio of the intracortical width at the proximal level of lesser trochanter
point and at the isthmus (Palierne et al.
First, it can be difficult to palpate the greater trochanter
in obese patients, for whom we suggest an additional palpation simultaneously performed on the femoral condyle to help detect external rotation of the hip.
sup] The typical clinical features are an audible snap, with tenderness over the greater trochanter
region of the lateral thigh on hip extension.
7% (one patient) at the femoral trochanter
and there was no patient with osteoporosis in the femoral neck.