trombone


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trombone

[Ital.,=large trumpet], brass wind musical instrument of cylindrical bore, twice bent on itself, having a sliding section that lengthens or shortens it and thus regulates the pitch. The descendant of the sackbutsackbut
, Renaissance name for the slide trombone, probably derived from the old French word sacqueboute, which means "pull-push." The instrument achieved its present form in the 15th cent., the only differences being a narrower bore and a smaller bell.
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, it was developed in the 15th cent. by adding a slide to the trumpet. Early representations of the instrument show it nearly in its present form. Despite its continuous possession of a complete chromatic scale, which was lacking in early trumpets and the French hornFrench horn,
brass wind musical instrument. Fundamentally a metal tube of narrow conical bore, it is curved into circles because of its great length. The horn ends in a wide flare. It is a development (c.1650) of the small hunting horn.
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, the trombone was far behind them in acceptance into the orchestra. In the 16th cent. it became popular for court and church music. In the 18th cent. it entered the opera orchestra, and Beethoven introduced it into symphonic music. In the enlarged orchestra of the 19th cent., the trombone became increasingly important, being valued for its wide range in pitch and dynamics. It is more often used as an ensemble than as a solo instrument in the orchestra, and it has little solo literature. Three trombones are standard in the orchestra, formerly alto, tenor, and bass. The tenor is most often used today, often with extra tubing that can be cut in by a valve to give it the lower notes of the old bass trombone. The trombone is also widely used in jazz and dance bands. A valved trombone, first produced in Vienna in the 1820s, is frequently used in Latin countries, and by some jazz musicians, but is inferior in tone quality to the slide trombone.

Bibliography

See R. Gregory, The Trombone (1973).

Trombone

 

a brass instrument. Depictions of and references to the trombone date from the 15th century. The instrument is a long, composite, cylindrical tube that curves twice and terminates in a wide bell; a cup-shaped mouthpiece is placed at the other end of the tube. The bore is about 3,000 mm in length and about 15 mm in diameter. There are slide and valve trombones; the latter appeared in the early 19th century. The six varieties of trombone range from soprano to bass. The trombone is primarily an orchestral instrument.

trombone

[träm′bōn]
(electromagnetism)
U-shaped, adjustable, coaxial-line matching assembly.

trombone

1. a brass instrument, a low-pitched counterpart of the trumpet, consisting of a tube the effective length of which is varied by means of a U-shaped slide The usual forms of this instrument are the tenor trombone (range: about two and a half octaves upwards from E) and the bass trombone (pitched a fourth lower)
2. a person who plays this instrument in an orchestra
References in periodicals archive ?
Cramer, trombones, Zach Collins, tuba, and Christian Dickinson, conductor, for their help in reading the works she reviewed for this issue.
All of the solos show characteristic use of the trombone and are a good stylistic preparation for orchestral playing.
Nanci Lee Woody; TEARS AND TROMBONES; Sand Hill Review Press (Fiction: General) 14.95 ISBN: 9781937818265
"We are determined to bring in every opportunities to develop local young musicians…," says Stanley Chen, Founder of SliderAsia and Chairman of Hong Kong Trombone Association.
The innovative product makes trombone playing less expensive and more accessible.
And last year pbone, launched by Coventry firm Warwick Music, became the biggest-selling trombone in the whole world.
The trombone is a very old instrument, but historical interest in it is fairly recent.
The consultancy has been appointed to handle public relations for Warwick Music to promote the world's first plastic trombone.
In what he intends as a source for performers as well as scholars, he looks at the trombone during the 15th and 16th centuries throughout Western Europe with chapters also on Eastern Europe, and Asia, Africa, and the New World.
Obviously you can use the slides to tune any trombone, but our instruments are naturally more in tune - all their harmonics line up - and that is down to the design and the skill of the makers."
But it all began when he was just four years old, growing up in the Trem neighbourhood, in New Orleans, when he was spotted by his older brother, James, marching in a street parade wielding a trombone twice as long as the he was tall.
UNIQUE Alan Tomlinson plays the glass trombone made by Kate Williams