As part of the conceptual apparatus of my forthcoming book entitled Tropical Figures: Colonialist Representation and Anticolonial Agency, 1688-1804, "levantinization" is a process allied with the more general mechanism of "tropicalization
enables postcolonial readers to reappropriate colonialist metropolitan discourses and practices through a genealogy that attends to resistance as well as oppression.
This attempt is framed by the modalities of the "travelling gaze" and "tropicalization
." The former traces the representation of Indian landscapes, primarily by focusing on scientific (botanical) attempts to render the environment of the subcontinent comprehensible to British sensibilities.
Extra-basic Adaptation of projects and specifications due to materials, production conditions or characteristics of the local market (tropicalization
It is also noteworthy that there are arguments in the literature pointing to the need of "tropicalization
" of existing International Business theories, so as to make them capable of explaining a set of new phenomena that are taking place in emerging markets (or in developing nations, these terms being used interchangeably in this paper).
of fish stocks, uncertainty & ecosystem management: resharpening Ockham's razor.
This nationalist response to Walker's transnational stimulus reveals an effect of the cultural contact between Anglo and Latin America that exceeds the framework suggested by the process of "tropicalization
," as that term has been defined and discussed by Frances R.