M., 1971: Spectral studies of tropospheric wave disturbances in the tropical western Pacific.
In addition, they showed how spectral analysis could be used effectively to detect and to describe these and other synoptic-scale tropospheric waves (e.g., Yanai et al.
The 7ME has a weaker tropospheric wave guide (Figure 7(f)) than that of the OME, yet its stratospheric wave guide is slightly stronger than that of the OME.
Tung, "Tropospheric wave response to decelerated stratosphere seen as downward propagation in northern annular mode," Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.
Xenos, "Parabolic equation solution of tropospheric wave
propagation using FEM," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol.
The model, whose El Nino driven upper tropospheric wave
train agrees well with observations (Fig.
This is consistent with dynamic theories because warm polar waters would reduce the temperature contrast between the cold poles and the warm equator that is needed to drive tropospheric wave activity.
Princeton's Mahlman hypothesizes that changes in the weather patterns, specifically in the activity of tropospheric waves, have altered the winds, temperatures and ozone levels in the stratosphere.
The tropospheric waves whirl the air up and out of the top of a column, lowering air pressure at the sea surface.
Pfeffer and Challa found that cloud clusters and depressions required tropospheric waves in order to form into hurricanes in the model.