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trouvères(tro͞ovĕr`), medieval poet-musicians of central and N France, fl. during the later 12th and the 13th cent. The trouvères imitated the troubadourstroubadours
, aristocratic poet-musicians of S France (Provence) who flourished from the end of the 11th cent. through the 13th cent. Many troubadours were noblemen and crusader knights; some were kings, e.g.
..... Click the link for more information. of the south. Written in the dialect called langue d'oïl, their songs include love lyrics, romances, and the heroic chansons de gestechansons de geste
[Fr.,=songs of deeds], a group of epic poems of medieval France written from the 11th through the 13th cent. Varying in length from 1,000 to 20,000 lines, assonanced or (in the 13th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. . Chief among the trouvères were Conon de Béthune, Le Châtelain de Coucy, Colin Muset, Renaut de Beaujeu, and Adam de la HalleAdam de la Halle
or Adam le Bossu
, c.1240–1287, French dramatist and poet-musician, one of the great trouvères. Many of his songs and polyphonic motets are preserved, as is the pastoral comedy with music Le Jeu de Robin et Marion (c.1283).
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