truck farming

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

truck farming

truck farming, horticultural practice of growing one or more vegetable crops on a large scale for shipment to distant markets. It is usually less intensive and diversified than market gardening. At first this type of farming depended entirely on local or regional markets. As the use of railroads and large-capacity trucks expanded and refrigerated carriers were introduced, truck farms spread to the cheaper lands of the West and South, shipping seasonal crops to relatively distant markets where their cultivation is limited by climate. The major truck-farming areas are in California, Texas, Florida, along the Atlantic Coastal Plain, and in the Great Lakes area. Centers for specific crops vary with the season. Among the most important truck crops are tomatoes, lettuce, melons, beets, broccoli, celery, radishes, onions, cabbage, and strawberries.


See L. C. Peirce, Vegetables (1987); O. A. Lorenz and D. N. Maynard, Handbook for Vegetable Growers (3d ed. 1988).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"It took a few years to get my soil in good shape on my place, then I went into truck farming. I had some good help, and we made some money, but it's lots of work.
aa Built on a 4 ha-area each, the farms of AAt Yaazem (Province of El Hajeb) and of Laejajra, (Province Zwagha Moulay Yacoub) are designed to strengthen the technical abilities and the know-how of the local population in terms of truck farming.
Used extensively in a truck farming operation, it was pretty well worn out but all there.
At that time, and long into the 1950s, Florida's main industries were citrus, cattle, timber, and truck farming, with tourism somewhat of a sideline.