indictment

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Related to true bill: No bill

indictment

(ĭndīt`mənt), in criminal lawcriminal law,
the branch of law that defines crimes, treats of their nature, and provides for their punishment. A tort is a civil wrong committed against an individual; a crime, on the other hand, is regarded as an offense committed against the public, even though only one
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, formal written accusation naming specific persons and crimes. Persons suspected of crime may be rendered liable to trial by indictment, by presentment, or by information. An indictment is issued by a grand jurygrand jury,
in law, body of persons selected to inquire into crimes committed within a certain jurisdiction. It usually comprises a greater number than the trial, or petit (also, petty) jury, having since early common law days had between 12 and 23 members.
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 when the jury's investigation is initiated by the public prosecutor's presentment of a bill of indictment. A presentment is an accusation issued by the grand jury on its own knowledge, without any bill of indictment having been previously drawn up by the prosecutor. An information is an accusation presented directly by the prosecutor without consideration by a grand jury. The Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution safeguards the right to a preliminary hearing by a grand jury in major federal cases. It provides in effect that no person outside military service may be tried in a federal court for a capital "or otherwise infamous" (i.e., a felony) crime except on indictment or presentment. Fewer than half of the states similarly require grand jury action. When an indictment or presentment is approved, the foreman of the grand jury marks it "true bill." Indictments, presentments, and informations are similar to the plaintiff's complaint in a civil action (see procedureprocedure,
in law, the rules that govern the obtaining of legal redress. This article deals only with civil procedure in Anglo-American law (for criminal procedure, see criminal law).
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).

indictment

Criminal law
1. a formal written charge of crime formerly referred to and presented on oath by a grand jury
2. any formal accusation of crime
3. Scot a charge of crime brought at the instance of the Lord Advocate
References in periodicals archive ?
As a result, at the federal level, charges must be formally initiated by a grand jury issuing a true bill on an indictment.
McCulloch really was resolved not to prosecute Officer Wilson, return of a true bill would truly have put him in a cleft stick, forcing him to decide whether to take responsibility for overruling the grand jury's opinion or to take what he presumably thought an unwinnable case to trial.
No True Bill. A "no true bill" is a finding by the grand jury that on a given charge no indictment should be filed.
returned a true bill, but other than that we have no information on
The result cannot have been a true bill in respect of Lujain, who,whether or not he stayed, simply is not that bad.
These are samples of the difficulties with which readers must contend in trying to decide whether or not they have a True Bill in respect of Tosi, or even of Agricola.
What is left--a true Bill of Rights--would include only those principles demanded by the U.
A true bill of indictment was returned against him Oct.
That a grand jury shall consist of twelve citizens, any nine of whom concurring may find an indictment or a true bill: Provided, that no grand jury shall be convened except upon an order of a judge of a court having the power to try and determine felonies; but when so assembled such grand jury shall have power to investigate and return indictments for all character and grades of crime; and that the power of grand juries to inquire into the willful misconduct in office of public officers, and to find indictments in connection therewith, shall never be suspended.
That admitted injustice occurred after both the county prosecutor and Simmons' public defender failed to notice that the grand jury had returned a "no true bill" rather than an indictment in the case.
If it had returned a "true bill," the case would have gone forward.
Just keep securely bagging it up and let's hope that they can get to it ASAP.'' aliban in true Bill Oddie Winter Watch style said: "I saw a couple of rats on Westbourne Road on Sunday.'' despondent had some praise too: "Apart from the expected disruption caused by snow the guys have done well in the Newsome area."