truncated icosahedron


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truncated icosahedron

[¦trəŋ‚kād·əd ‚ī¦käs·ə′hē·drən]
(mathematics)
An Archimedean solid with 32 faces (20 regular hexagons and 12 regular pentagons) and 60 vertices, a shape used in the construction of soccer balls.
References in periodicals archive ?
For the second edition, he has added a section devoted to phi math itself, and, in response to many requests, has added a new polyhedron: the truncated icosahedron, or Bucky Ball.
Since Plato's work, two other classes of equilateral convex polyhedra, as the collective of these shapes are called Archimedean solids (including truncated icosahedron) and Kepler solids (including rhombic polyhedra).Equilateral convex polyhedra need to have certain characteristics.
The geometrical structure of [C.sub.60] is a truncated icosahedron with a carbon atom at the corners of each hexagon and a bond along each edge (Figure 1).
Munari and his work served as a filter through which to (re) discover the performative furniture of artist and designer Martino Gamper (based in turn on works by Gila Ponti); the wall drawings, as beautiful as Japanese wallpaper, by Bruno Persat, which result from a series of arbitrated penalties (in which the ball, replaced by a truncated icosahedron, is projected onto a wall covered in charcoal); or a fragment of Mark Geffriaud's imaginary house, for which he produces one of the architectural elements at each of his exhibitions (here, a stone step).
We use the fact that a football is a spherical version of the truncated icosahedron, in which an icosahedron with 20 triangular faces has its 12 vertices cut off (truncated) to create the pentagonal faces.
The problem with this shape, compared with the truncated icosahedron, is that its edges will be much more pointed.
For example, the truncated icosahedron, which is the polyhedron giving the structure of the soccer ball, has two hexagons and a pentagon meeting at each vertex.
One example is the truncated icosahedron, familiar as the pattern on a soccer ball, which consists of 12 pentagons and 20 hexagons.
In 1985, researchers in England and Houston suggested that vaporized carbon atoms from laser-blasted graphite might rearrange into exceptionally stable cage structures -- most notably a 20-sided truncated icosahedron composed of exactly 60 carbon atoms (SN: 1/28/89, p.56).
Since then, the proposed structure for C.sub.60., officially called a truncated icosahedron, has been joined by proposed structures for a slew of fullerenes with different numbers of carbon atoms.

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