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, czar
1. (until 1917) the emperor of Russia
2. Informal a public official charged with responsibility for dealing with a certain problem or issue
3. (formerly) any of several S Slavonic rulers, such as any of the princes of Serbia in the 14th century



(also, czar; from the latin caesar, the title used by the Roman emperors), in Russia and Bulgaria, the official title of the monarch. In Russia the title of tsar was first adopted by Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) in 1547. From 1721 the Russian tsars adopted the title of emperor. In Bulgaria the monarchs bore the title of tsar from the end of the 19th century to the proclamation of the People’s Republic in 1946.

References in periodicals archive ?
Having read the letters, they promised to report the matter to the Boyars' Council [Duma], for the said council to speak for us before the Tsar and Grand Prince of Russia about concluding peace with us, and that He should deign to endorse peace with our King.
Shah Abbas II of Iran gave it to Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich.
Other Romanovs have been rehabilitated as victims of Soviet political repression, but a similar measure was refused in February for the last tsar and his immediate family, whose remains are buried in Saint Petersburg.
Government Respect tsar Louise Casey, said: "It's about getting parents to be more in control in their own homes and keeping up the unrelenting drive to tackle anti-social behaviour.
The 1939 edition of a textbook for students in higher education assessed Tsar Ivan as a farsighted politician and an "outstanding strategist" (p.
He also volunteered his time to the Hermitage, a treasury which stored all of the precious objects of the Russian tsars.
Nobody who had seen the film could easily forget the portrayal of the sixteenth-century tsar by Nikolai Cherkasov, especially Stalin himself who was said to have watched it many times.
The importance of a tsar isn't that he sorts things out, but the Government gets a headline for appointing him.
It was never owned by Tsar Nicholas II,' said Mr Potter.
Now anybody with lots of money can sip what was once the top tipple of tsar and commissar.
The ballet concerns the plight of the woman who believed herself to be the Grand Duchess Anastasia, the only surviving offspring of the murdered Tsar Nicholas II, and consists mostly of melodramatic flashbacks.
One of the sidebars to the 1991 fall of the Soviet empire was the growing nostalgia among the Russian people for the family of Tsar Nicholas II, slain with his family in 1918 in the wake of the Russian Revolution.