"The messianic beliefs of Poles were fueled by their feeling of being a victim of tsarist
Russia and Germany.
In doing so, Bradley succeeds in showing that voluntary associations in tsarist
Russian society belonged to the same general family as their European and North American cousins.
Neither the Tsarist
nor the Soviet government proved capable of building good roads or railroads quickly that met ever-growing demand or stood the test of time.
Had Herlihy devoted more space to integrating alcohol with other issues that beset tsarist
Russia, this would have been a more sobering book indeed.
In the period 1826-1905, the Tsarist
regime had shot 894 criminals and revolutionaries.
Under the guise of preventing fraud and abuse, tsarist
bureaucrats checked the development of entrepreneurial initiative and capitalist rationality as they also created tension and distrust between themselves and the small but important class of corporate managers.
Many historians have contended that the perceived incompetence of Tsar Nicholas II during the war, the detachment of Tsaritsa Alexandra, and poor public relations skills of Nicholas and his government caused Russian citizens to lose confidence in the tsarist
regime.12 Other scholars, most prominently Fedor Gaida, have put the onus for the demise of the tsarist
regime on Russia's liberal politicians.
Their mission is to "smuggle" gyspy and Ukrainian culture into the mainstream, just as Gogol (Nikolai, 1809-1852) did in Tsarist
Russians need to know about the fate of the tsarist
family and all of the other victims of the Communist regime.
After this he turns to a chronological history of the siege to show the extent of suffering in the former Tsarist
capital: starvation was part of the German plan and there was looting, incompetence and cannibalism, all later denied by Communist censorship.
Comparing Yeltsin to pre-Communist tsars is useful not only in terms of highlighting his importance in Russian history, but in highlighting two continuities in terms of leadership style that Yeltsin held in common with his nondemocratic tsarist
How appropriate that he should be buried with all the trappings of Tsarist