tsetse fly

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tsetse fly

(tsĕt`sē), name for any of several bloodsucking African fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 of the genus Glossina, and in the same family as the houseflyhousefly,
common name of the fly Musca domestica, found in most parts of the world. The housefly, a scavenger, does not bite living animals but is dangerous because it carries bacteria and protozoans that cause many serious diseases, e.g.
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. The larva of the tsetse fly develops inside the body of the mother until it is ready to pupate in the soil. A number of the 21 species can transmit to humans the trypanosomes that cause the Gambian and Rhodesian forms of African sleeping sickness (see trypanosomiasistrypanosomiasis
, infectious disease caused by a protozoan organism, the trypanosome, which exists as a parasite in the blood of a number of vertebrate hosts. The three variations of the disease that predominate in humans are transmitted by an insect vector.
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). The tsetse fly also carries the trypanosomes that cause nagana and other diseases of wild and domestic animals. Clearing the brush that the flies inhabit helps to get rid of them; DDTDDT
or 2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-1,1,1,-trichloroethane, chlorinated hydrocarbon compound used as an insecticide. First introduced during the 1940s, it killed insects that spread disease and fed on crops, and Swiss scientist Paul Müller was awarded the 1948 Nobel Prize
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 has also been used to exterminate them, and sterilized male flies have been released to control fly reproduction. Tsetse flies are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera, family Muscidae. See insectinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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.
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tsetse fly

[′set‚sē ‚flī]
(invertebrate zoology)
Any of various South African muscoid flies of the genus Glossina; medically important as vectors of sleeping sickness or trypanosomiasis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

tsetse fly

, tzetze fly
any of various bloodsucking African dipterous flies of the genus Glossina, which transmit the pathogens of various diseases: family Muscidae
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"A blend of these chemicals has been packaged in innovative dispensers which, when worn as collars around the neck of cattle, essentially make cattle unattractive to tsetse flies," added the scholar.
Homa Bay extension officers have been incorporated in fighting tsetse flies.
Rogers' model was generalized by Hargrove et al [7], and a new parameter which allows the tsetse flies to feed off multiple hosts was introduced.
His nightmare began when he was in Burkina Faso in west Africa with a team of scientists for a study of the tsetse flies that transmit sleeping sickness.
The LAMP test reaction conditions determined in the Rotorgene 6000 were duplicated using the portable and battery operated ESE Quant Tube Scanner amplification unit (Qiagen, Stockach, Germany) and used in analyses of tsetse samples.
When Glyn Vale was head of research for Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Control, Gerald was head of operations.
Dr Vale pioneered the modern forms of tsetse control which initially revolved around capturing the flies for sterilisation in situ in the bush, and now focus on attracting tsetse flies to traps where they may be killed with a relatively environmentally-friendly insecticide.
The tsetse fly spreads the parasitic diseases human African trypanosomiasis, known as sleeping sickness, and Nagana that infect humans and animals respectively.
ROME, Italie, 10 janvier 2014/African Press Organization (APO)/ -- Une campagne contre la mouche tsetse, parasite qui transmet une maladie devastatrice du betail, a drastiquement reduit la population des mouches dans la region des Niayes, pres de Dakar, capitale du Senegal, ouvrant la voie a une eradication complete.
A Switzerland B Germany C Czech Republic D Belgium QUESTION 11 - for 11 points: Which disease is transmitted by the tsetse fly?
For his part, Coordinator of Pan African Tsetse Trypanosomiasis Eradication campaign (PATTEC) Dr.