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see flatfishflatfish,
common name for any member of the unique and widespread order Pleuronectiformes containing over 500 species (including the flounder, halibut, plaice, sole, and turbot), 130 of which are American.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Scophthalmus maximus), a fish of the family Bothi-dae, order Pleuronectiformes. The body is very tall and covered with bony tubercles. Both eyes are on the left side of the head. The body usually measures approximately 40 cm, sometimes as much as 1 m, and weighs 2–3 kg. The fish is found near Europe; in the USSR, it is found in the Baltic and Barents seas. The turbot is a predator. It reproduces in spring and summer, close to the shores. It is fished commercially. A closely related species, the kalkan (Scophthalmus maeoticus), inhabits the Black Sea.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. a European flatfish, Scophthalmus maximus, having a pale brown speckled scaleless body covered with tubercles: family Bothidae. It is highly valued as a food fish
2. any of various similar or related fishes
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The interested parties once more recognised the importance of continuing with the implementation of aA robust monitoring, control and surveillanceA system in order to achieve sustainable management of fish resources in the Black Sea, and renewed theirA commitment to fight againstA illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU)A fishingA of turbot in the Black Sea.
Amble SAC: 1st Jimmy Bullock 1turbot 5flr 8-7-4 h/flat turbot 5-3-82nd G Bell 9flr 7-3-12 3rd J Lee 2cod 4-4-8 4th P Embleton cod h/f 4-4-8 5th D Taylor 4flr 3-11-0 Alberta SAC 22f 16w.i.: 1st Darren Browne (7) 8lb 5oz (The Tyne) 2nd Eric Bell (7) 6lb 15oz (Tyne) 3rd Stephen Williams (3) 6lb 12oz h/f cod 4lb 1oz (North) South Beach 26f 14w.i.
Longtail drilling results are under evaluation; however, the combined gross recoverable resources of Turbot and Longtail are estimated to exceed 500 million barrels of oil equivalent.
ingredients 150g chives; 150ml grapeseed oil (available via Amazon); 150g green strawberries, cut into 2mm dice (if available, just use red ones if not); 150g red strawberries, cut into 2mm dice; 150g golden beetroot, cut into 2mm dice; 150g fennel bulb, cut into 2mm dice; 150g white turnip, cut into 2mm dice; 4 x 120g skinless turbot portions; knob of butter; sprinkle of fennel pollen (available via Amazon); sea salt For the sauce: 2 shallots, sliced; 10g butter; 150ml dry white wine; 150ml vermouth; 300ml fish stock; 300ml double cream; sea salt For the elderflower vinegar: 20 ripe elderflower heads; 500ml chardonnay vinegar For the green herb oil: 500g green herb leaves (works best with strong, soft herbs like lovage or chives); 250ml grapeseed oil Equipment: Thermomix METHOD 1.
(Above) Stephan Mester with his 17lb cod and (left) Tyler Chapman with his first-ever turbot
The Turbot quad-core is perfect for professional engineers pursuing embedded projects in industries such as consumer electronics, smart home devices, and industrial or factory automation.
UDDERLY FANTASTIC Cows being helped in water at Turbot Island
The Commission had proposed to reduce to 74 tonnes (-15 %) the TAC for turbot, but had to back down and accept the status quo for the second year in a row.
Two fish stocks are managed in the Black Sea: turbot and sprat.