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see flatfishflatfish,
common name for any member of the unique and widespread order Pleuronectiformes containing over 500 species (including the flounder, halibut, plaice, sole, and turbot), 130 of which are American.
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(Scophthalmus maximus), a fish of the family Bothi-dae, order Pleuronectiformes. The body is very tall and covered with bony tubercles. Both eyes are on the left side of the head. The body usually measures approximately 40 cm, sometimes as much as 1 m, and weighs 2–3 kg. The fish is found near Europe; in the USSR, it is found in the Baltic and Barents seas. The turbot is a predator. It reproduces in spring and summer, close to the shores. It is fished commercially. A closely related species, the kalkan (Scophthalmus maeoticus), inhabits the Black Sea.


1. a European flatfish, Scophthalmus maximus, having a pale brown speckled scaleless body covered with tubercles: family Bothidae. It is highly valued as a food fish
2. any of various similar or related fishes
References in periodicals archive ?
Males showed an exponent (b) greater than females, except in hornyhead turbot.
Significant differences between sexes were found for the slopes of the weight/length relationship in the cases of spotted turbot and hornyhead turbot.
Comparing the slopes for different years, only spotted turbot showed significant differences between 1988 and 1990.
2002), recorded low abundance of spotted turbot in summer 2009 in Conception, California, between 72 and 90 m, and with bottom temperature about 7.
1983) reported spotted turbot off Los Angeles, California, with abundances of 6 ind [trawl.
Both reports reflect similar results to those obtained in the present study, confirming that coastal areas with sandy sediments have high abundances of juveniles and adults of the spotted turbot.
1983) recorded low abundances of hornyhead turbot predominantly juveniles, between 10 and 65 m.
2009) recorded abundant populations of hornyhead turbot between 360 and 450 m, these depths characterized by low temperatures (7-9[degrees]C) and anoxic conditions (<0.
We have found obvious differences between sexes for the length-weight relationships of spotted turbot and hornyhead turbot.
We have found a well-pronounced size sexual dimorphism between male and female turbot.