Mechanical Turk

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Mechanical Turk

A subsidiary of Amazon.com that provides a Web services system that uses people to perform tasks better handled by humans than computers. Mechanical Turk is a "crowdsourcing" system, in which requesters post Human Intelligence Tasks (HITs) along with the fee they will pay for their completion. Turkers (the workers) choose their HITs, do the jobs and submit the results. Examples of HITs are locating information on a document, translating foreign languages, transcribing speech, as well as comparing audio to written transcripts. For more information, visit www.mturk.com. See crowdsourcing.

Who's the Turk?
The name comes from Wolfgang von Kempelen's mechanical "Turk" in the mid-1700s, which was an expert chess player dressed up as a wooden mannequin. Defeating challengers throughout Europe, including Napoleon, the Turk sat inside a wooden cabinet wearing a robe and turban. Opening the door to reveal gears and springs inside, Kempelen fooled people into believing this was a mechanical device with artificial intelligence.
References in periodicals archive ?
Erol Keles (1) [iD], Cihan Turker (1) [iD], Gokhan Artas (2) [iD], Turgut Karlidag (1) [iD]
(iD) Derya Cayir (1), (iD) Mehmet Bozkurt (1), (iD) Mehmet Erdogan (2), (iD) Salih Sinan Gultekin (1), (iD) Cem Azili (3), (iD) Ata Turker (4)
Goalkeeper McCarey was sent off on 56 minutes for bringing down the excellent Joel Cooper as he was about to score, Mitchell making no mistake from the penalty spot as he slotted the ball past Berraat Turker.
Gokten OE, Kilicarslan H, Dogan HS, Turker G, Kordan Y.
Turning to the right, we walk between fences and cross Turker Lane to pass a flood defence barrier before our route becomes a gravel track.
Turker and Biskin11 showed that microhardness is dependent on the type of bleaching agent used.
The rest of shareholding will be with European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), 18.7%; and the founding Turker family, 6.2%.
The work is done by a worker, or 'Turker', who is then 'paid ten cents' (p22), while the user believes the search to be the work of a machine.
Mahir Ceylan (1), Emrah Turk (2), Gamze Poscu (2), Murathan Turker (2), Alper Ozcan (3), Ahmet Ozdemir (1), Turkan Patiroglu (3), Tamer Gunes (1), Mehmet Adnan Ozturk (1)
In the ILO's study, one Turker told of a requester who had blocked her "after I sent him an email suggesting politely that he could pay a tiny bit more for the work he was asking people to do." (Requesters can block Turkers they're unhappy with from working on their HITS.) The Turker said the requester "was very condescending and rude" and wrote that blocking her was aimed at putting her overall Mechanical Turk account in jeopardy.
The extended artificial photoperiod has also been successfully used in many fishes at their larval and juvenile stages to increase growth rate and production (Turker, 2005).