turpentine


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to turpentine: linseed oil, Mineral spirits

turpentine,

yellow to brown semifluid oleoresin exuded from the sapwood of pines, firs, and other conifers. It is made up of two principal components, an essential oilessential oils,
volatile oils that occur in plants and in general give to the plants their characteristic odors, flavors, or other such properties. Essential oils are found in various parts of the plant body (in the seeds, flowers, bark, or leaves) and are also concentrated in
..... Click the link for more information.
 and a type of resinresin,
any of a class of amorphous solids or semisolids. Resins are found in nature and are chiefly of vegetable origin. They are typically light yellow to dark brown in color; tasteless; odorless or faintly aromatic; translucent or transparent; brittle, fracturing like glass;
..... Click the link for more information.
 that is called rosinrosin
or colophony,
hard, brittle, translucent resin, obtained as a solid residue from crude turpentine. Usually pale yellow or amber, its color may vary from brownish-black to transparent depending on the nature of the source of the crude turpentine.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The essential oil (oil of turpentine) can be separated from the rosin by steam distillation. Commercial turpentine, or turps, is this oil of turpentine. When pure, it is a colorless, transparent, oily liquid with a penetrating odor and a characteristic taste. It contains a large proportion of pinene, a compound from which camphor is manufactured. Turpentine is obtained in large amounts from several species of pines of the SE United States; its physical properties, e.g., boiling point, depend on its source. It is used chiefly as a solvent and drying agent in paints and varnishes.

turpentine

[′tər·pən‚tīn]
(materials)
An essential oil produced by steam distillation of pine woods and from gum turpentine; used as a solvent and a thinner for paints and varnishes.

turpentine, oil of turpentine

A volatile liquid obtained by the distillation of the exudation from certain coniferous trees; once widely used in paint, it is now replaced by solvents obtained from petroleum or coal-tar stocks. Also see wood turpentine.

turpentine

1. any of various viscous oleoresins obtained from various coniferous trees, esp from the longleaf pine, and used as the main source of commercial turpentine
2. a brownish-yellow sticky viscous oleoresin that exudes from the terebinth tree
3. a colourless flammable volatile liquid with a pungent odour, distilled from turpentine oleoresin. It is an essential oil containing a mixture of terpenes and is used as a solvent for paints and in medicine as a rubefacient and expectorant
4. any one of a number of thinners for paints and varnishes, consisting of fractions of petroleum
References in periodicals archive ?
The court heard he brought his wife back, pushed her onto a sofa, threw turpentine over her and flicked matches at it, causing burns to her neck and stomach.
Chemically speaking, pitch is a solution of natural rosins and turpentine.
In response to the mystery tool C in the September issue of Farm Collector, which was identified as a woodworking scraper, possibly a scorp: I'm sure that the tool is a turpentine hacker.
A gang of youths threw turpentine on a counter in the Queens Road store and set fire to it at 3pm on Saturday.
The 5 ppb concentration, which gives a turpentine flavor, is California's MTBE limit for water.
Then we showered her in washing up liquid to stop the turpentine burning her skin.
The GSA, which has no experience with handling biological materials, soon drew harsh congressional criticism for its decision to store a large portion of the national supply of the temperature-sensitive vaccines at its Burlington, New Jersey, warehouse, next to rooms where the agency stores paint, turpentine, and other highly flammable materials.
On that fateful day in 1867, near what is now Paradise, California, he fired up his turpentine still and unknowingly added pitch from a Jeffrey pine rather than the very similar and normally used Ponderosa pine.
Tenders are invited for Gum Sprit Of Turpentine Oil Of Turpentine To Is: 533/73 Or Latest Gr.
He said he would have them shot and would torch their house with turpentine - a bottle of which police found at his home.
A STAINED ceramic or enamelled bath can be cleaned with equal quantities of turpentine and linseed oil.
Brush the place mat with turpentine and gently slide the transfer onto the surface.