turf

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turf:

see lawnlawn,
grass turf or greensward cultivated in private yard or public park. A good lawn, or green, has both beauty and usefulness; its maintenance for golf, tennis, baseball, and other sports is a costly and specialized procedure.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Turf

 

the living form of herbaceous, primarily perennial plants, usually grasses and sedges. Their axillary shoots grow within the sheaths covering their leaves and emerge without tearing the sheath. This causes the turf runners to grow close together, forming a thick clump. Turfs are typically found in the steppe (for example, feathergrass and some species of sheep’s fescue) and, to a lesser extent, in meadows (tufted hairgrass) and marshes (sheathing cottongrass).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

turf

The upper layer of earth and vegetable mold in which the roots of grass and other small plants form a thick cover.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

turf

1. the surface layer of fields and pastures, consisting of earth containing a dense growth of grasses with their roots; sod
2. a piece cut from this layer, used to form lawns, verges, etc.
3. 
a. a track, usually of grass or dirt, where horse races are run
b. horse racing as a sport or industry
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Learn to knit Brush compost into the seams to encourage the turves to knit together quickly then rig up a sprinkler to keep them moist and prevent them from curling up at the edges.
When the turves are laid, firm them down gently by laying a plank on top and tapping it with a rubber mallet or the back of a rake.
When the turves are laid, firm them down gently by laying a plank on top of them and tapping it with a rubber mallet or the back of a rake.
As long as it fits, you can shove pretty much anything organic down a chipper's throat, including weeds, turves and cardboard.
Stagger the joins then lightly tamp down the turves with the back of a rake and brush sieved soil into the joints.
The soil on turves should be loamy, not light and sandy nor a heavy clay.
Actor Paul Nicholas teaches the stars of tomorrow tricks of the trade as the latest branch of The Paul Nicholas School of Acting at Turves Green Community Leisure Centre, Northfield
The key with turves is to make sure you buy good quality ones.
APOLOGIES to Geoff Athersuch, of Northfield, who was incorrectly called Gary in last week's article on Turves Green school football team.
Police officers were called to the property in Turves Road, Cheadle Hulme, last night after receiving reports from neighbours who were expressing their oncerns for the welfare of the occupants, said a spokesman for the Greater Manchester Police.
Beginning with the area closest to you, lay the turves one by one.
Students at Turves Green Boys' Technology College in Birmingham are being offered weekly out-of-hour lessons in Sindarin -a conversational form of Elvish invented by the Oxford academic and based on Welsh sounds.