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Tweed,river, 97 mi (156 km) long, rising in the Southern Uplands of Scotland. It flows E through S Scotland then NE, forming the Scotland-England border for 17 mi (27 km) before entering the North Sea at Berwick, NE England. The Tweed system drains most of SE Scotland; the Gala, Ettrick, and Teviot are its chief tributaries. In Scotland the Tweed waters a sheep-farming region and passes PeeblesPeebles
, town (1991 pop. 6,750), Scottish Borders, S Scotland, at the confluence of Eddleston Water and the Tweed River. It is a mountain resort and a farm market with woolen mills. Ruins of a 13th-century church and castle remain.
..... Click the link for more information. , MelroseMelrose,
town (1991 pop. 2,221), Scottish Borders, S Scotland, on the Tweed River. It is the site of one of the finest ruins in Scotland—Melrose Abbey, owned by the nation and founded for Cistercians by David I in 1136.
..... Click the link for more information. , and Kelso. The Tweed also has rich salmon fisheries.
tweed,rough, unfinished woolen fabric, of a soft, open, flexible texture resembling cheviot or homespun, but more closely woven. It is made in either plain or twill weave and may have a check, twill, or herringbone pattern. Subdued, interesting color effects (heather mixtures) are obtained by twisting together different-colored woolen strands into a two- or three-ply yarn. Tweeds are desirable for outer wear, being moisture resistant and very durable.
a river in Great Britain. The Tweed is 163 km long and drains an area of approximately 5,000 sq km. Originating in the Southern Uplands, it flows primarily in an easterly direction at first through a hilly region and then, in its lower course, over a plain. The mean flow rate in the lower course, at the city of Norham, is 83 cu m per sec. The Tweed empties into the North Sea and is navigable near its mouth at high tide. The city of Berwick-upon-Tweed is located at its mouth.