tympanoplasty


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tympanoplasty

[¦tim·pə·nō¦plas·tē]
(medicine)
A surgical procedure performed to eradicate disease in the middle ear cavity or to reconstruct the conductive mechanism.
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References in periodicals archive ?
To determine if the method of hair removal, clipping with scissors or shaving with razor affects the incidence of Surgical Site Infections (SSI) as measured by the ASEPSIS score in patients having elective tympanoplasty in a rural tertiary care centre.
Pre-operative evaluation of Eustachian tube function using a modified pressure equilibration test is predictive of good postoperative hearing and middle ear aeration in type 1 tympanoplasty patients.
Conclusion: Combining canal wall up mastoidectomy with Type I tympanoplasty can treat otitis media safely and effectively due to high postoperative dry ear canal rate, satisfactory reconstruction of hearing and maintenance of ear morphology.
Type of Study: This retrospective study includes all patients who underwent tympanoplasty with cortical mastoidectomy surgery.
Another group reported postoperative air-bone gap closure ([less than or equal to] 20 dB) in tympanoplasty following mastoidectomy for 46% and 33% for titanium and hydroxyapatite prostheses, respectively.
In the palisade technique of cartilage tympanoplasty, the tympanic membrane is fully reconstructed with palisade-shaped cartilage pieces.
The different graft materials used for tympanoplasty are temporalis fascia, cartilage, perichondrium, vein, fat, dura mater, and periosteum etc.3,5 Temporalis fascia is the most preferable graft material used by surgeon with success rate of 93-97% in primary tympanoplasties.
(3.) Air conduction threshold was found lower than 20 dB at 250 Hz, 500 Hz, 1000 Hz, 2000 Hz, 4000 Hz frequencies and air-bone gap was found lower than 10 dB at 500 Hz, 1000 Hz, 2000 Hz, 4000 Hz frequencies in the pure tone audiometry performed in the third month after spontaneous healing, tpe 1 tympanoplasty, myringoplasty or paper-patch application.
Although various factors affecting the hearing outcomes of tympanoplasty have been reported [5-17], to the best of our knowledge, no study has investigated the favorable prognostic factors for hearing outcomes of ossiculoplasty for middle ear cholesteatoma based on standardized staging and classification criteria.
This choice sometimes leads to unsuccessful tympanoplasty with incomplete treatment and sometimes can lead to increase in cost and additional morbidities with excessive treatment.
Endoscopic techniques in tympanoplasty and stapes surgery.