tympanum


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tympanum

(tĭm`pənəm). In architecture, the triangular space of a pedimentpediment,
in architecture, the triangular gable end on a building of classic type or a similar form used decoratively. It consists of the tympanum, or triangular wall surface, enclosed below by the horizontal cornice and above by the raking cornice, which follows the slope of
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, or low-pitched gable, above a portico, door, or window. Its boundaries are generally cornice moldings. The term also designates the solid wall space above an arched window or door. Sculptured tympana of this type, within round or pointed arches, occurred above the doors of the recessed portals in the medieval churches. They were universal in both Romanesque and Gothic periods, and were especially fine in France. The usual subjects are biblical and symbolic, often arranged in horizontal tiers with numerous figures to illustrate a complete legend. Over the central doorway of Notre-Dame de Paris is a depiction of the Last Judgment. In Italy tympana were sometimes decorated with mosaic or fresco.

Tympanum

The triangular space between the horizontal and sloping cornices immediately above the opening of a doorway or a window, or the space between the lintel above a door and the arch above.

tympanum

[′tim·pə·nəm]
(anatomy)
(invertebrate zoology)
A thin membrane covering an organ of hearing in insects.

tympanum

tympanum, 1
1. The triangular or segmental space enclosed between the horizontal cornice of a pediment and the underside of the raking or curved cornice above; sometimes decorated with decorative elements, sculpture, or a window.
2. Any space similarly marked off or bounded, as between the lintel of a door and the arch above.

tympanum

1. 
a. the cavity of the middle ear
b. another name for tympanic membrane
2. any diaphragm resembling that in the middle ear in function
3. Architect
a. the recessed space bounded by the cornices of a pediment, esp one that is triangular in shape and ornamented
b. the recessed space bounded by an arch and the lintel of a doorway or window below it
4. Music a tympan or drum
5. a scoop wheel for raising water
References in periodicals archive ?
derives from "tympanum" and better still, according to the
Tip of tegmen rounded or rounded acute, variable between individuals; extends just into second abdominal tergite, partially covering tympanum. Abdominal tergites mainly ochraceous dorsally, with black pigment laterally only in segments A1-4.
Fingers long, relative lengths I< IV<II<III; webbing vestigial; terminal discs of Fingers II, III, and IV large, elliptical; terminal disc of Finger I slightly expanded; diameter of terminal disc of Finger III larger than that of the tympanum, disc diameter 1.5 larger than tympanum diameter; subarticular tubercles conical, elevated, none bifid; supernumerary tubercles small, conical; elevated ridge of coalesced tubercles between palmar tubercle and first subarticular tubercle of Finger IV; prepollex not projecting; palmar tubercle large, flat; ulnar tubercles large coalesced forming ulnar ridge; few scattered tubercles on ventral surface of ulna near hand.
tympanum 14/4/91 Yabbie burrow 28/9/96 Yabbie burrow 3/8/91 Spotted Grass Frog Spider burrow Limnodynastes tasmaniensis 3/8/91 Yabbie burrow 7/8/93 Yabbie burrow 1/7/95 Yabbie burrows 6/7/91 Eastern Blue-tongued Skink Mus musculus Tiliqua s.
Measurements of holotype (in mm).SVL 41.6 ; HW 16.7; head length 16.3; IOD 4.8; upper eyelid width 3.8; internarial distance 4.0; tympanum diameter 1.8; eye diameter 4.9; eye-nare distance 4.2; nare-snout distance 1.5; shank length 21.9; foot length 22.0; hand length 15.1.
(43) The Jaca tympanum is decorated with a central motif, the chrismon (fig.
Andrusyshen's Ukrainian-English Dictionary (44) can be translated as "drum," "ear-drum," "tympanum," and "naughty boy." While the language of the poem playfully imitates the sound of a snare drum in Neborak's reading of it, he obviously has virtually all of the above meanings in mind.
What in the human body is known as the tympanum? 3.
back cold onto the warm face of echo & mountains call the tympanum
Born in 1939, in Istanbul, Okay Temiz started taking percussion and tympanum courses at the State Conservatoire of Classical Music in Ankara.
The project aims to restore the tympanum, a triangular inlay containing a rich collection of carved imagery, to its place 100ft up on the south pediment of St George's Hall.