tympanum


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tympanum

(tĭm`pənəm). In architecture, the triangular space of a pedimentpediment,
in architecture, the triangular gable end on a building of classic type or a similar form used decoratively. It consists of the tympanum, or triangular wall surface, enclosed below by the horizontal cornice and above by the raking cornice, which follows the slope of
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, or low-pitched gable, above a portico, door, or window. Its boundaries are generally cornice moldings. The term also designates the solid wall space above an arched window or door. Sculptured tympana of this type, within round or pointed arches, occurred above the doors of the recessed portals in the medieval churches. They were universal in both Romanesque and Gothic periods, and were especially fine in France. The usual subjects are biblical and symbolic, often arranged in horizontal tiers with numerous figures to illustrate a complete legend. Over the central doorway of Notre-Dame de Paris is a depiction of the Last Judgment. In Italy tympana were sometimes decorated with mosaic or fresco.

Tympanum

The triangular space between the horizontal and sloping cornices immediately above the opening of a doorway or a window, or the space between the lintel above a door and the arch above.

tympanum

[′tim·pə·nəm]
(anatomy)
(invertebrate zoology)
A thin membrane covering an organ of hearing in insects.

tympanum

tympanum, 1
1. The triangular or segmental space enclosed between the horizontal cornice of a pediment and the underside of the raking or curved cornice above; sometimes decorated with decorative elements, sculpture, or a window.
2. Any space similarly marked off or bounded, as between the lintel of a door and the arch above.

tympanum

1. 
a. the cavity of the middle ear
b. another name for tympanic membrane
2. any diaphragm resembling that in the middle ear in function
3. Architect
a. the recessed space bounded by the cornices of a pediment, esp one that is triangular in shape and ornamented
b. the recessed space bounded by an arch and the lintel of a doorway or window below it
4. Music a tympan or drum
5. a scoop wheel for raising water
References in periodicals archive ?
We assign all the collected specimens to Plectrohvla chryses by their shared phenotypic features, including that juvenile specimens (UMMZ 239648-51) have the following characters: thoracic fold; eyes prominent; vent flap short, wide, thin not grooved medially; vent opening at upper level of thighs; skin of dorsum smooth; tympanum and tympanic ring evident; webbing of fingers vestigial; webbing of toes I2-[2.
tympanum 14/4/91 Yabbie burrow 28/9/96 Yabbie burrow 3/8/91 Spotted Grass Frog Spider burrow Limnodynastes tasmaniensis 3/8/91 Yabbie burrow 7/8/93 Yabbie burrow 1/7/95 Yabbie burrows 6/7/91 Eastern Blue-tongued Skink Mus musculus Tiliqua s.
0) in females; upper eyelid lacking tubercles; cranial crests absent; supratympanic fold swollen, obscuring upper edge of tympanum; tympanum small, oval; tympanum length 40.
A snarling lion on the right side of the tympanum stands over a bear and a basilisk, while on the left, a more benign lion stands above a prostrate human figure clutching a serpent.
One of the highly praised artists of the Middle Ages, whose carvings on the tympanum of the Saint Lazare in Autun, France is emblematic of the importance of fear, which is prevalent in the belief of people during the Romanesque period, is Gislebertus.
Above the ark, where the scrolls are kept, where no scrolls will be kept anymore--a tympanum, a woodwork canopy peeling paint and blue mold; deepplanted vaunt, hardened bounty amidst carved drapery, earthen vines strangling eternity, then above, only ribbing.
Born in 1939, in Istanbul, Okay Temiz started taking percussion and tympanum courses at the State Conservatoire of Classical Music in Ankara.
The project aims to restore the tympanum, a triangular inlay containing a rich collection of carved imagery, to its place 100ft up on the south pediment of St George's Hall.
The church dates from the 13th Century and inside is a carving known as the Tympanum of St George, which depicts the story.
A slightly overhanging tympanum shows Old Testament figures, and the shutters or wings of the triptych present St.
In the tympanum, however, some pigments from a fresco survive and the subject matter was similar to the frescoed tympanum of St.