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Related to typhoon: tsunami


see hurricanehurricane,
tropical cyclone in which winds attain speeds greater than 74 mi (119 km) per hr. Wind speeds gust over 200 mi (320 km) per hr in some hurricanes. The term is often restricted to those storms occurring over the N Atlantic Ocean; the identical phenomenon occurring over
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a tropical cyclone that occurs in the western Pacific, to 170°E long., north of the equator. Moving west and northwest with a velocity of 10–20 km an hour, typhoons reach the coast of Indochina, China, and Korea. Changing direction toward the north or northeast, they reach a velocity of 30–50 km an hour, gusting at times to over 100 km an hour. Some typhoons reach southern Japan and, as nontropical cyclones, occasionally reach the Soviet Primor’e region, the Kuril Islands, and even as far as Kamchatka.

The frequency of typhoons is greater than that of tropical cyclones in any other region of the globe. On the average there are approximately 30 typhoons a year. Most develop to the stage of hurricanes, with a wind velocity of over 30 m per sec, while the rest reach the stage of tropical storms. Approximately 70 percent of typhoons occur between July and October, when the intertropical convergence zone shifts far into the northern hemisphere. The diameters of typhoons are relatively small, up to several hundreds of kilometers; in the center the air pressure drops and may reach record lows of less than 90 kilonewtons per sq m, or 900 millibars. Typhoons cause strong waves and are accompanied by enormous amounts of precipitation—up to several hundred millimeters, and in some cases more than 1,000 mm. In the coastal regions of East Asia, typhoons often cause great destruction as a result of floods, tidal waves, and other natural disasters.


Riehl, H. Tropicheskaia meteorologiia. Moscow, 1963. (Translated from English.)
Mamedov, E. S., and N. I. Pavlov. Taifuny. Leningrad, 1974.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A severe tropical cyclone in the western Pacific.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. a violent tropical storm or cyclone, esp in the China seas and W Pacific
2. a violent storm of India
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The Center told Xinhua news agency that Typhoon Lekima, the ninth typhoon of the year, made landfall in the city of Wenling in Zhejiang around 1:45 a.m.
According to the CWB, as the marine and atmospheric environment is suitable for typhoon development, Lekima intensified into a strong typhoon at 8:00 this morning.
'We want to practice and implement the culture of pro-activeness, which means that we already have preemptive evacuation even before the typhoon, we have an existing plan, and already propositioned our resources and response,' Banias said, adding that residents of Western Visayas should have learned by now from typhoon experiences over the years.
Annually, the Philippines is visited by an average of 20 typhoons. This year, 19 typhoons have already entered the country.
Typhoon Rosita affected 20,290 farmers and fisherfolk in Cordillera Administrative Region, Regions 1, 2 and 3, according to the DA's initial damage assessment report.
The typhoon moved off the Korean Peninsula around 12:40 p.m.
The latest typhoon comes less than a month after the country's strongest storm in 25 years hit western Japan. Typhoon Jebi caused widespread flooding and killed at least 11 people in early September. More than a million homes were left without power and over 300 homes were destroyed.
On Sunday, Channel NewsAsia said Typhoon Trami had ravaged Japan's southern island of Okinawa on Saturday injuring at least 17 people.
Once it enters PAR it will be named "Paeng." PAGASA said the typhoon is not likely to make landfall in any part of the country.
The center said that the typhoon's winds are equivalent to a category 5 Atlantic hurricane.
Images of Typhoon Mangkhut is seen at the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council operations c Image Credit: AP Gilbert P.