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Related to typhus: typhoid, Anne Frank


any of a group of infectious diseases caused by microorganisms classified between bacteria and viruses, known as rickettsias. Typhus diseases are characterized by high fever and an early onset of rash and headache. They respond to antibiotic treatment with tetracycline and chloramphenicol and can be prevented by vaccination. Epidemic typhus, the most serious in the group, is caused by Rickettsia prowazeki, which is transmitted in the feces of body lice. It occurs in crowded, unsanitary conditions and has historically been a major killer in wartime. It occurs more commonly in cooler climates and seasons. Brill's disease, also called recrudescent typhus, is believed to be a milder recurrence of epidemic typhus. Endemic murine typhus is primarily a disease of rodents and is spread to humans by rat fleas. The symptoms are milder than those of epidemic typhus. Scrub typhus (Tsutsugamushi fever) is carried to humans by infected mites. It occurs primarily in East Asia and the Southeast Pacific islands.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an infectious disease accompanied by high fever and derangements of consciousness. The term “typhus” is applied to any of a group of acute infections that have similar symptoms but differ in their etiology.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


any one of a group of acute infectious rickettsial diseases characterized by high fever, skin rash, and severe headache
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
It is shared that of the 506 people underwent test for scrub typhus, 40 people were found infected.
According to the CDC, a total of 270 cases of scrub typhus have been confirmed this year and between 350 and 500 cases have been reported annually over the past five years.
According to the advisory, Scrub typhus is a bacterial infection which is potentially fatal.
Known as the "Typhus Zone," the area has become a trash magnet.
After the confirmation of autochthonous scrub typhus cases in Chiloe in 2016 (4), the Chilean Ministry of Health issued a clinical alert advising healthcare providers in Chile to confirm possible cases in cooperation with our research group.
A positive Weil-Felix agglutination test (taken after discharge) indicated that the patient most probably had scrub typhus.
"Typhus fever is a disease that can cause serious complications requiring lengthy hospitalization, and rarely, death," said Ying-Ying Goh, M.D., Pasadena's health officer, CNN reported.
Scrub typhus caused by gram negative coccobacilli bacteria Orientia tsutsugamushi.
The diagnosis of scrub typhus generally relies on serologic tests, especially indirect immunofluorescence assays (IFA), which can detect a 4-fold increase in antibody titer between paired sera (11, 12).
Although not very common but suspicion of scrub typhus fever and leptospirosis was made as patient presented in monsoon season and was from rural area.
Among arthropod-borne diseases, scrub typhus was a major cause of morbidity and mortality in military operations in Asia-Pacific region during World War II.