typing


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typing

(1) To input data to a typewriter or computer by pressing the keys on the keyboard.

(2) In programming, classifying variables by the kind of data they hold (string, integer, floating point, etc.). Strongly typed languages enforce strict adherence to typing and do not allow data types to be mixed in the same variable. Weakly typed languages provide minimal validation, which can result in processing errors.

Typing

 

typewriting and reproduction of text, tabular, and numerical materials by means of a typewriter.

The ten-finger touch system is the generally used method of typing. The text of the original is typed by touch without the operator’s looking at his or her fingers, each of which operates only certain keys (letters, signs) of the typewriter. Two widely known systems of teaching typing are used: the professional, based on special touch exercises, beginning with the middle row of the keyboard (this system is used in typing courses), and the public, in which instruction begins with the copying of a simple text using visual verification in the early stages of finger movements on the keyboard. Average typing speed for individuals who have completed courses is 250 strokes a minute (about ten typewritten pages per hour).

REFERENCES

Dmitrevskaia, E. L, and N. N. Dmitrevskii. Uchebnik mashinopisi. Moscow, 1953.
Berezin, B. I. SamouchiteV mashinopisi, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1969.
Makarova, N. V. 50 urokov mashinopisi. [Moscow] 1971.
Sobolevskaia, V. V. Uchebnoe posobie po inostrannoi mashinopisi dlia rabotnikov televideniia i radioveshchaniia. Moscow, 1972. Demacheva, lu. S., and A. N. Kuznetsova. Mashinopis’ Moscow, 1972.

B. I. BEREZIN

References in periodicals archive ?
We are not told how the typists were chosen, although we are told that they had initial typing speeds of 32 words per minute, well below the Navy's standard of competence.
These typists reported a 28 percent increase in typing speed from their initial speed of 29 words a minute.
We also thank Public Health Laboratory Service, United Kingdom, for kindly providing the typing phages and the scheme.
Regarding serotype A, 99 from a total of 102 (97%) isolates correlated; the remaining 3 were serotype A by the Iatron and serotype AD by the molecular typing method.
Both molecular typing techniques grouped the isolates in the eight previously established major genotypes (Figures 1 and 2).
Because the period at risk of acquisition and transmission chosen might have been too restrictive, we also analyzed four clusters of patients with identical typing results but with PCP episodes occurring up to 10 months apart.
On the other hand, the two distributions for the period from 1996 to 2000 were different because the proportion of specimens stored for typing increased regularly during the period (p=0.07; 75% [44/59] of the specimens available).
A key aspect of this investigation was the rapid exchange of molecular fingerprints between laboratories already using standardized phage typing and antimicrobial susceptibility testing.
Polymerase chain reaction amplification and typing ofrotavirus nucleic acid from stool specimens.
Initiating the weekly meetings and establishing the molecular typing laboratory occurred during the fourth quarter FY94; the laboratory was fully operational in the first quarter FY95.
In the Lancefield typing system, strains representing types 7, 16, 20, and 21 (originally described as Griffith) are not GAS but belong to groups C and G.
Although new emm sequences were identified in a survey in the United States (5), the percentage of new strains with new emm sequences was much lower (6%) than was found with these Malaysian isolates, emm typing of a larger number of strains from rheumatic fever-and rheumatic heart disease-endemic areas is required to deduce amino acid sequences for the development of a suitable M protein-based vaccine.