Proctitis

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Related to ulcerative proctitis: ulcerative colitis

proctitis

[präk′tīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the anus or rectum.

Proctitis

 

an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the rectum.

Proctitis is generally associated with inflammatory changes in the lower intestine, such as proctosigmoiditis, colitis, and enterocolitis. There are various causes, including acute and chronic infections, food poisoning, changes in intestinal flora, and vascular, metabolic, and immunologic disorders. Secondary proctitis results from other diseases, such as rectal fistulas and hemorrhoids. Catarrhal, hemorrhagic, purulent, ulcerative, necrotic, and mixed forms of proctitis are distinguished. The course of the disease may be acute, subacute, or chronic. The most common symptoms are unpleasant sensations in the anal region, frequent stools, and discharge of mucus and sometimes blood. Rectoramanoscopy, fluoroscopy, and microbiological examination of feces are used for diagnosis. Treatment depends on the form and causes of the disease.

REFERENCE

Ryzhikh, A. N. Khirurgiia priamoi kishki: Osnovy proktologii. Moscow, 1956.

V. D. FEDOROV

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References in periodicals archive ?
It is then known as ulcerative proctitis. Some people have the disease only in the sigmoid colon and the upper part of the rectum (proctosigmoiditis).
Ulcerative proctitis is a milder form of ulcerative colitis, which is confined to the rectum.
Biasco et al., "Methylene blue dye spraying method in patients with ulcerative proctitis: a comparative study with morphological findings and functional capacity of the rectal epithelium," Endoscopy, vol.