ultimatum


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.

ultimatum

(ŭl'tĭmā`təm), in international law, final, definitive terms submitted by one disputant nation to the other for immediate acceptance or rejection. Since refusal to accept the terms may lead to war or hostile measures, an ultimatum usually constitutes a conditional declaration of war. An ultimatum is written and indicates how its nonacceptance will be regarded. When a brief time limit is imposed, the crisis becomes more intense, because there is less opportunity for mediation or arbitration. The contracting powers at the second Hague Conference (1907) agreed to begin hostilities only after giving warning. These provisions were superseded by the Covenant of the League of Nations and later by the Charter of the United Nations, which limited the right of states to use war as an instrument of national policy. An ultimatum presented by Austria to Serbia on July 23, 1914, was the immediate cause of World War I. Hitler also presented several ultimatums (to Czechoslovakia and Poland) in the year before the outbreak of World War II. Japan, however, began its war with the United States with an attack rather than an ultimatum.

Ultimatum

 

in international law, a categorical demand expressed either formally in writing or orally and presented by one state to another; it requires the state to which it is presented, within a prescribed period, to assume a certain position on an issue, to take a specific action, or to fulfill some other stated condition. Failure by the recipient of the ultimatum to accede to the demand or demands of the state issuing the ultimatum may result in the latter’s adoption of strong measures against the former. These measures may consist in the breaking off of negotiations in progress, in the severing of diplomatic relations between the disputing states, or in the adoption of sanctions, embargoes, or other kinds of reprisals.

ultimatum

a final communication by a party, esp a government, setting forth conditions on which it insists, as during negotiations on some topic
References in periodicals archive ?
In a circular issued after the JAC meeting penultimate Thursday and sent to all their branches, the unions warned that at the expiration of the 14-day ultimatum, they would be left with no other option than withdrawing their services and shutting down the universities; if the government failed to address all their grievances.
Ultimatum (https://yourultimatum.com) is a website that empowers people to take action on the issues they care about and support nonprofits at the same time.
DENR Secretary and BIATF chair Roy Cimatu announced the ultimatum during the meeting of the task force held last February 28.
The workers responded to the ultimatum by occupying the factory, with their representatives saying they would not give in until the factory owners met their demands.
The Nigeria Labour Congress and the Trade Union Congress also said they would support JOHESU, stressing that failure of the government to reach an agreement with them at the expiration of the ultimatum would lead to a nationwide strike.
Kaleri said YNA Sindh had given the ultimatum to the authorities concerned for fulfillment of genuine demands of nurses.
So with an ultimatum and cold hard cash on the table, what will she decide?
'I was actually given the ultimatum on April 12 and told to respond by 12pm the following day (April 13) to accept or reject the offer to contest in Labis parliament.
"I couldn't believe it when I was given an ultimatum. Before the group meeting on Monday evening the other Ukip AMs were all friendly towards me, so I wasn't prepared for the nastiness.
"The ultimatum is that Gabriella lives with her three days a week in prison or she signs a paper waiving her rights of custody," he said.
"Every time you try to put an ultimatum it makes a calm debate and a democratic debate impossible," Paul Magnette said on arrival at the meeting in Brussels, hours before EU leaders say they will cancel this week's signing of the Ceta pact unless Belgium gives its consent.
Earlier, while giving an ultimatum, Justice Mansoor Ali Shah had warned the judges to improve their performances or to leave judiciary and join other offices.