ultimatum

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ultimatum

(ŭl'tĭmā`təm), in international law, final, definitive terms submitted by one disputant nation to the other for immediate acceptance or rejection. Since refusal to accept the terms may lead to war or hostile measures, an ultimatum usually constitutes a conditional declaration of war. An ultimatum is written and indicates how its nonacceptance will be regarded. When a brief time limit is imposed, the crisis becomes more intense, because there is less opportunity for mediation or arbitration. The contracting powers at the second Hague Conference (1907) agreed to begin hostilities only after giving warning. These provisions were superseded by the Covenant of the League of Nations and later by the Charter of the United Nations, which limited the right of states to use war as an instrument of national policy. An ultimatum presented by Austria to Serbia on July 23, 1914, was the immediate cause of World War I. Hitler also presented several ultimatums (to Czechoslovakia and Poland) in the year before the outbreak of World War II. Japan, however, began its war with the United States with an attack rather than an ultimatum.

Ultimatum

 

in international law, a categorical demand expressed either formally in writing or orally and presented by one state to another; it requires the state to which it is presented, within a prescribed period, to assume a certain position on an issue, to take a specific action, or to fulfill some other stated condition. Failure by the recipient of the ultimatum to accede to the demand or demands of the state issuing the ultimatum may result in the latter’s adoption of strong measures against the former. These measures may consist in the breaking off of negotiations in progress, in the severing of diplomatic relations between the disputing states, or in the adoption of sanctions, embargoes, or other kinds of reprisals.

ultimatum

a final communication by a party, esp a government, setting forth conditions on which it insists, as during negotiations on some topic
References in periodicals archive ?
"We reject any ultimatums and we will assess Iran's compliance on the basis of Iran's performance regarding its nuclear-related commitments under the JCPOA and the NPT (Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons)," they added.
'I was actually given the ultimatum on April 12 and told to respond by 12pm the following day (April 13) to accept or reject the offer to contest in Labis parliament.
Mottaki's ultimatum language was met by some jaw dropping, some anger and some laughter.
It was an ultimatum. She said she wanted to feel secure and she couldn't do that unless I agreed to make it official.
The arch media proponent of both tools is, of course, broadcasting, benefiting from leaks people provide, writhing about leaks from within; never shy to use its dominant position to issue ultimatums. The spat this week between Sky and Chelski a case in point.
Now he's issued an ultimatum to the Blues majority shareholder Carson Yeung.
Mandaric insists he will not give Perrin an ultimatum, but expects Portsmouth to win at least one of those next four league fixtures.
President Bush issued a public ultimatum to the United Nations in his Sept.
Woodward, when asked about this, said there was no question that Greenspan considered Blinder's proposal an ultimatum. Blinder, for his part, said he doesn't remember it that way.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- The Kremlin said Russia has nothing to do with the alleged poisoning of Russian ex-double agent Sergei Skripal, adding that Moscow will not accept any groundless threats or ultimatums.
BDI assesses that Imer Selmani is trying to score low political points with strange political ultimatums.
"He and Stevie Gerrard should be saying 'If you're not going to invest, why would we want to remain here?' They need to give them some ultimatums." (ANI)