ultimatum

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ultimatum

(ŭl'tĭmā`təm), in international law, final, definitive terms submitted by one disputant nation to the other for immediate acceptance or rejection. Since refusal to accept the terms may lead to war or hostile measures, an ultimatum usually constitutes a conditional declaration of war. An ultimatum is written and indicates how its nonacceptance will be regarded. When a brief time limit is imposed, the crisis becomes more intense, because there is less opportunity for mediation or arbitration. The contracting powers at the second Hague Conference (1907) agreed to begin hostilities only after giving warning. These provisions were superseded by the Covenant of the League of Nations and later by the Charter of the United Nations, which limited the right of states to use war as an instrument of national policy. An ultimatum presented by Austria to Serbia on July 23, 1914, was the immediate cause of World War I. Hitler also presented several ultimatums (to Czechoslovakia and Poland) in the year before the outbreak of World War II. Japan, however, began its war with the United States with an attack rather than an ultimatum.

Ultimatum

 

in international law, a categorical demand expressed either formally in writing or orally and presented by one state to another; it requires the state to which it is presented, within a prescribed period, to assume a certain position on an issue, to take a specific action, or to fulfill some other stated condition. Failure by the recipient of the ultimatum to accede to the demand or demands of the state issuing the ultimatum may result in the latter’s adoption of strong measures against the former. These measures may consist in the breaking off of negotiations in progress, in the severing of diplomatic relations between the disputing states, or in the adoption of sanctions, embargoes, or other kinds of reprisals.

ultimatum

a final communication by a party, esp a government, setting forth conditions on which it insists, as during negotiations on some topic
References in periodicals archive ?
On Tuesday, Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov called for an internationally accepted procedure in the case, and refused to respond to May's ultimatum.
You keep on saying Oba Adetunji is a very nice person, but having identified the missing link in the crisis, why did you go ahead and issue an ultimatum to the Olubadan?
That killed the dramatic ultimatum after just 72 hours.
The other thing medialand knows well is that ultimatums can garner grudging respect.
Mandaric insists he will not give Perrin an ultimatum, but expects Portsmouth to win at least one of those next four league fixtures.
When the United Nations is seen as susceptible to ultimatums by its most powerful member, it risks success in speaking with an authoritative voice to all countries, large and small, influential or not so.
We will vehemently insist on the UN not caving in to ultimatums and sending an invitation to the Kurds to join the negotiating table from the very start of the talks," Lavrov said in an interview with the REN-TV channel.
An ultimatum cannot be given by a party that has only four MPs," said Deputy PM Abdylaqim Ademi, saying that creative proposals contribute politically and not disinformation.
We've just had a huge row about it and I gave him an ultimatum - his friends or me.
Yeltsin's national security adviser and his defense minister rebuked their commanders in Chechnya for issuing ultimatums to the rebels in Chechnya that, as the defense minister put it, ``they had absolutely no right to give.
TEHRAN (FNA)- The US should not use the language of ultimatums over the implementation of Syria's program of chemical weapons disarmament, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said.
Turkey over the 2010 flotilla raid although Ankara issued an ultimatum for Tel