umiak


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umiak

, oomiak
a large open boat made of stretched skins, used by Inuit
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Umiak

 

a large Eskimo cargo boat with an open top. The umiak is 8 to 9 m long, 1.5 m wide, and up to 70 cm deep. The boat is equipped with a pair of oars and a sail; its wooden frame is covered with sealskins. The umiak is called the women’s boat because, in contrast to the kayak, the rowers are always women. Normally a man steers, using a fan-shaped paddle.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
By Anichenko's count, the Birnirk's umiak collection includes 30 wooden fragments, ranging from keel timber and bottom cross pieces to small fragments of baleen lashing.
Eskimo men paddle an umiak, a lightweight skin boat of the Arctic, searching for Avuk, likely a walrus (ayvuq [Central Siberian Yupik], aiviq [Inupiaq]).
There were two types: the kayak and the umiak. Both were made by stretching sealskin over a frame of driftwood or rib bones.
In them, you can look up words like igloo, umiak, ulu, kayak, komatik, and muktuk; all Inuktitut words."
Agoshaman Ceribel, Umiak Mahoupe and a friend known only as Anne -dubbed the Calthorpe Street Three -have been able to claim the freehold of the five-bedroomed home as it had not been registered under the Land Registration Act.
The attempt of missionaries to preserve Inuit subsistence and lifestyle, albeit in a Christianized way and with trading relations to the Moravian stores, required continued mobility for hunting and fishing by kayak, umiak, and European-style boat at sea and by dogsled during the winter.
Agoshaman Ceribel, Umiak Mahoupe and a friend known as Anne -dubbed the Calthorpe Street Three -have been able to claim the freehold of the five-bedroomed home as it had not been registered under the Land Registration Act.
"I still have one foot in the umiak, a walrus-hide covered boat," she laughed.
Other standouts at this museum include a double-headed eagle plaque, one of only two in existence; a 32-foot walrus-skin umiak (whaling boat); and a Tlingit frog hat, "according to the Guinness Book of Records, the most expensive hat ever collected," Howard says.
The birds seem to have functioned as amulets ("fetishes" or "animal totems" in Petitot's account): "That day every umiak was decorated by the skin of some beast or that of some bird spread on little sticks like the paper on a kite, fluttering from a pole....