malnutrition

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malnutrition,

insufficiency of one or more nutritional elements necessary for health and well-being. Primary malnutrition is caused by the lack of essential foodstuffs—usually vitamins, minerals, or proteins—in the diet. In some areas of the world a poor economy or such regional conditions as drought or overpopulation cause a scarcity of certain foodstuffs, and a certain portion of the population is malnourished because essential nutrients are not available. However, even when food is plentiful, malnutrition can result from poor eating habits or poverty. Primary malnutrition, due to a lack of food or an inability to afford nutritious food, has been estimated to affect as many as a fourth of the world's children. Secondary malnutrition is caused by failure of absorption or utilization of nutrients (as in disease of the gastrointestinal tract, thyroid, kidney, liver, or pancreas), by increased nutritional requirements (growth, injuries, burns, surgical procedures, pregnancy, lactation, fever), or by excessive excretion (diarrhea).

malnutrition

[¦mal·nü′trish·ən]
(medicine)
Defective nutrition due to inadequate intake of nutrients or to their faulty digestion, assimilation, or metabolism.

malnutrition

lack of adequate nutrition resulting from insufficient food, unbalanced diet, or defective assimilation
References in periodicals archive ?
Further clarification is required as to which periods of development are most important and therefore most sensitive to undernutrition. With respect to human pregnancy, which is rarely diagnosed until several weeks gestation, it is likely that undernutrition at any point in periconception will have consequences.
"The connection between the implementation of key nutrition interventions and the resulting reduction in undernutrition and its consequences could not be more clear," said Dr.
Illnesses linked to child undernutrition estimated the health cost in 2009 stood at EGP1.2bn, and more children are stunted today than ten years ago, according to Egypt's Demographic Health Survey between 2005-2008.
"While it is vital to maintain efforts to reduce undernutrition, the world needs to do much more to prevent and care for the growing numbers of people that are overweight or obese and living in low- and middle-income countries."
Climate change is likely to affect undernutrition through a variety of means in addition to crop production, including impacts on infectious diseases in humans, plant pests and diseases, labor productivity, and water availability.
Is economic growth associated with reduction in child undernutrition in India?
So what leads to undernutrition? We already know from extensive surveys that food insecurity, weak preventive health measures, along with poor hygiene and sanitation practices (leading to recurring diseases in the population) are the chronic drivers of undernutrition in Pakistan.
This diet, which is common in Africa, fails to address chronic undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies and contributes to increased obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases.
The World Bank's Investment Framework for Nutrition estimates that $70 billion is needed over ten years to achieve key World Health Organization targets on undernutrition by 2025.
Feeding colostrum to infants has long-term health benefits." Former Director of Institute of Nutrition and Food Science of Dhaka University Professor Dr Khursheed Jahan said child undernutrition is the result of multiple factors, including poor maternal nutrition before birth, infection leading to mal-absorption of nutrients, and caloric or micronutrient inadequacy due to a poor diet.
In Pakistan, undernutrition is a major public health concern and an important underlying factor for the high infant and under 5 mortality rate.
To combat the prevalence of undernutrition among children, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) continues to expand the implementation of its communal and backyard gardening project among its partner-beneficiaries in the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program in Davao Region.