Underwater Demolition Team
members, diving Draeger Lt Lungll, used a closed-circuit, oxygen rebreather in the '50s.
Had navy commandos been present, they could have blown a channel through the reef, so Rear Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner called for the formation of underwater demolition teams
. A training program began in Hawaii, and UDTs were deployed throughout the Pacific.
His late great-grandfather, Hazelton Bowden, who lived in Maine, served during World War II on the Navy's Underwater Demolition Teams
, the precursor to today's SEALs.
Prior to President Kennedy's initiation of the SEALs (Sea Air and Land Teams), the amphibious warriors were known as Underwater Demolition Teams
and were trained in Oceanside, California.
Kauffman received his second Navy Cross for valor in leading underwater demolition teams
at Tinian in the Pacific, as well as advance demolition teams at the invasions of Iwo Jima and Okinawa.
From surviving his time as a prisoner of the Germans, to his acclaimed wartime service disarming enemy bombs and establishing bomb disposal schools, to the underwater demolition teams
he led at Saipan, Tinian, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa, America's First Frogman is an amazing true story of skill, courage, dedication, high standards, and excellence under extreme pressure.
Starting with the famed Underwater Demolition Teams
of WW II, the Navy trained its frogmen in all forms of land warfare, and then taught them to parachute into action, anywhere and anytime.
The Navy use of underwater demolition teams
in partisan support was the first form of special operations missions for Navy swimmers.
The Navy responded to the need by transforming the character of Naval Combat Demolition Units into Underwater Demolition Teams
They were formed by personnel from Underwater Demolition Teams
(UDT), or frogmen, at the direction of President John F.
After the November 1943 invasion of Tarawa, where aerial reconnaissance failed to disclose the natural reefs that blocked even shallow-draft craft from reaching the shore, the navy had formed underwater demolition teams
of specially trained swimmers to map the beach and destroy obstacles prior to future invasions.