voluntary association

(redirected from Unincorporated association)
Also found in: Financial.

voluntary association

or

voluntary organization

any organization (political parties, recreational clubs, etc.) where membership is optional and not a standard requirement of membership of a particular society. As Pickvance (1986) states, there is general agreement that voluntary associations are not institutions in the sense of social structures devised to organize action in the main areas of social life, such as firms, schools, governments’. Pickvance also identifies four further usual criteria in both common-sense and sociological definitions of voluntary associations:
  1. non-commercial orientation;
  2. they are public organizations in the sense that, formally at least, access is open to all;
  3. they are formally constituted organizations, often with an elected administration;
  4. they are nonstatutory, not established by law.

In the USA especially, voluntary associations have been widely identified as playing an indispensable role in the maintenance of STABLE DEMOCRACY, as fostering a participatory POLITICAL CULTURE and providing a training ground for political leaders. See also INTERMEDIATE (OR SECONDARY) GROUPS.

A renewed emphasis is being placed on voluntary and ‘third sector’ activity -including new partnerships with the state -in the less state-centred politics of the THIRD WAY. see also CIVIC ENTREPRENEUR.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Court of Appeals found that while the agreement purported to create a trust, it was actually an unincorporated association for the purposes of the Rule 23 pleading requirements.
"For them, this case will have set a clear reminder in terms of underlining their employment rights." Mr Khalfe added: "Further, due to Arya Samaj being an unincorporated association, the members of the executive committee in position at the time of the wrongful dismissal will be liable personally for the damages awarded and legal costs.
(15) The court stated that Lloyd's, like any other unincorporated association, must count the citizenship of each of its underwriters in order to meet the complete diversity requirement of 28 U.S.C.
Observe that any legally-recognized association--from a partnership, to an unincorporated association, to a marriage--can be described as an "artificial person" or "creature of the state" in the sense that they are created by law.
From an unincorporated association, in which even members are liable if the whole business gets into financial trouble, the TBA will become a company limited by guarantee, with an associated trading company limited by shares owned by the main company.
"As an unincorporated association, presbytery is no more than its individual members," he said.
Best Co., is an unincorporated association organized to write insurance for its members, where members are liable for their proportionate share of total liabilities.
The term 'data furnisher' means any agency, governmental entity, organization, corporation, trust, partnership, sole proprietorship, unincorporated association, venture established to make a profit, or nonprofit, and any contractor, subcontractor, affiliate, or licensee thereof, that serves as a source of information for a data broker.
"Organization" includes a "public body, a body corporate, a society, a company", taken from the existing Criminal Code definitions, but adds "a firm, a partnership, a trade union or an unincorporated association".
The TSE transformed itself from an unincorporated association into a shareholder-owned company in 2001.
In addition to commercial organizations, PIPA also applies to non-profits, trade unions, private schools, unincorporated associations, professional regulatory, associations, any individual acting in a commercial capacity or any individual acting on behalf of a corporation, unincorporated association, trade union or partnership.