A mathematical approach is proposed to calculate optimal theoretical value of energy consumed per

unit distance (EPD), which is used to check if the objective function is approaching global minima.

To take advantage of normalized properties it is advantageous to work in terms of the average work per

unit distance and mass,

Table 2: The edge partition of Cay(Zn Zm) based on degree sum of vertices lying at

unit distance from end vertices of each edge.

Holder and co- workers, [1] reported that oxygen consumption with individuals that used axillary crutches for walking was less per

unit distance compared to walking with standard walkers and rolling walkers, but oxygen consumption was more per unit time.

One fundamental contradiction is the conflict between the finite body and the infinite divisibility of the

unit distance ab.

Suppose that a

unit distance corresponds to the distance between two ships' positions (D').

It is based on fuel used per

unit distance at three different cruise conditions, which represents a broad spectrum of aircraft utilization.

To determine the energy loss per

unit distance traveled for collisions with impact parameter greater than bmin, we may use the expression

Transportation costs are derived from the Euclidean distance using a one unit of cost per

unit distance, operating costs are randomly selected from (1, 5), fixed costs (10,000, 30,000), capacity of plants randomly distributed from 2 * (total demand of customers), and demand of customers from (10,100).

T] equals the product of the cost of transporting the spreader per

unit distance where [d.

Nature provides such units for instance in the mass of the molecule, in the length of the radius of the (spherical) molecule, and in the time during which two molecules at

unit distance would give each other unit acceleration.

Thus, a consumer located at t with specific taste for quality s and per

unit distance travel cost d buys product i from firm j if