(78) Scientists believe that coastal erosion in Espinho and Furadouro have the same causes, but Furadouro's situation got worse in the mid-twentieth century because of the construction of Espinho's defensive system located updrift
. Espinho was well protected, but its groynes were responsible for beach starvation downdrift, that is, in Furadouro and other villages to the south (79).
Assuming that full employment prevailed, the appropriate initial response of the monetary authorities to a disturbance tending to cause depreciation would be to tighten credit and cushion the original tendency toward depreciation in order to avoid a strong updrift
of prices and a pressure for a shift of labor and capital that might prove excessive.
This occurs because the rocky outcrops shelter the Kanyakumari beach and manmade features such as harbour across the surfzone would act as a barrier and sand would be deposited on the updrift
side of such barrier.
Site 2, located updrift
from the main source of sediment (Fig.
Kanyakumari beach shows accretion invariably in all the seasons which may be attributed to the fact that the study site in that beach falls on the updrift
side of the groins.
Goldsmith (1972) suggested that the spit was periodically breached at an updrift
location and a new inlet migrated southerly at some multi-decadal to centurial time scale.
'A decline in inflationary expectations when economic conditions are weak is pernicious because any downdrift in inflation expectations leads to an updrift
in real interest rates and a tightening of financial conditions,' she said.- Reuters
The possibility of capillary updrift
of S from the reduced zone (Anon.
Table 1 also shows an updrift
in the average age of vehicles held by households, from 7.8 years in 1992 to 8.7 years in 1998, slipping back a bit to 8.5 percent in 2001.
Net beach profile volume loss occurs at the study site only in the most distant profiles, profile 1 updrift
and profile 29 down drift, in excess of 1000 feet on either side of the experimental structure.
A number of members commented that the persisting updrift
in some key measures of core inflation had become increasingly worrisome.
Some sediment from updrift
areas enters the throat of the inlet along a weir at the seaward end of the north jetty (Stauble and Cialone, 1995).