An urban social movement
challenging urban regeneration: the case of Sulukule, Istanbul, Cities 29(1): 12-22.
Unfortunately, no major urban social movement
has emerged to capture and channel the frustrations into a sustained, democratic force.
The single grass plant is perhaps metaphorically sufficient for the kind of urban social movement
that Castells had in mind in The City and the Grassroots--one which is born, has local internal coherence, and, if successful, gives birth to a next generation.
(1) And so when I was asked to contribute to this forum a few months later, asked to write about how I've used minor theory in my own work that examines the spatial strategies of urban social movements
agitating for policy reform, I had to admit that my engagement with it was limited.
Federico Venturini's highly valuable contribution examines the reciprocal influence between the practices of urban social movements
in Rio de Janeiro and ecology theory.
This is a city with a long culture and history of political protest, a vibrant scene of DIY politics and grassroots organisations and, in recent years, numerous, often successful urban social movements
. (1) It is also a city where the left have often been strong.
Though focused principally on the rise and decline of Toronto-based Pollution Probe, O'Connor's important book provides insight into the history of the Canadian environmental movement and the wider context of urban social movements
in Canada's cities.
The editor has organized the fourteen contributions that make up the main body of his text in four sections devoted to the role of web 2.0 in urban e-planning, web-based e-tools, urban social movements
, and public space, modeling, virtual reality, and geovisualization, and the role of planners in urban e-planning reforms in developed countries and the challenges confronting urban e-planning in developing countries.
Amalgamation was overwhelmingly rejected by urban social movements
, trade unionists and the general public across Ontario municipalities.
The most endemic and unmanageable cases of contentious politics that also involve urban social movements
can produce an authoritarian state marked by "domination".
The management of cities and regions--whether 'top-down' neoliberalism or 'bottom-up' participatory social democracy--comes into view, as do the challenges thrown up by urban social movements
. These two recent books interpret and develop spatial analysis in quite different ways, both of interest to political economists seeking a better understanding of the tensions generated by contemporary capitalism.
In the final chapter, Lipman builds on the global and local examples of urban social movements
that have successfully rejected the domination and exploitation that she has presented throughout the book as evidence that it is possible for educators and activists to respond to her call to reimagine alternatives to capitalism.