caruncle

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caruncle

[′ka‚rəŋ·kəl]
(anatomy)
Any normal or abnormal fleshy outgrowth, such as the comb and wattles of fowl or the mass in the inner canthus of the eye.
(botany)
A fleshy outgrowth developed from the seed coat near the hilum in some seeds, such as the castor bean.
References in periodicals archive ?
Urethral caruncle with coexistence of intestinal heterotopia: A case report.
Urethral caruncle: A herald lesion for distal urethral stenosis?
Female urethral caruncle. A thrombosis of the dorsal venous complex?
Urethral caruncle is a very rare condition found in prepubertal girls throughout the world.
Akdas, "Urethral caruncle in an unusual location occurring in pre pubertal girls," European Urology, vol.
Urethral caruncles (UCs) are benign fleshy outgrowths at the urethral meatus [1].
Although a urethral caruncle can be seen in the prepubertal period, it is often observed in the postmenopausal period as in our case.
A urethral caruncle can signal certain disorders and these should be looked for.
A urethral caruncle is rare among the causes of urinary retention.
The appearance of the lesion suggested a typical urethral caruncle, but histopathologically, atypical cells with swollen nuclei proliferated throughout the entire mucosal layer of squamous epithelium.
In their study, Marshall and colleagues reported that intraepithelial carcinoma coexisted with a "benign appearing" urethral caruncle in only 1 of 376 patients who underwent a urethral caruncle resection.[sup.6] This is the only report of intraepithelial carcinoma arising from a urethral caruncle found in the English literature.
Some types of neoplasms, such as Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, malignant melanoma and ovarian tumours, have a urethral caruncle-like appearance.[sup.8]-[sup.10] Marshall and colleagues reported that 2.4% of all patients with a preoperative diagnosis of urethral caruncle were found to have either carcinoma (1.6%) or Bowen's disease (0.8%) in a series of 376 patients.[sup.6] Urethral carcinoma resembling a urethral caruncle is also rarely observed.