Group Water intake Urinary output
(mL/kg/day) (mL/kg/day) Normal pregnancy 139.18 [+ or -] 66.54 [+ or -] group (11) 9.47 9.98 Gestational 761.18 [+ or -] 638.82 [+ or -] diabetes mellitus 93.64 *** 77.90 *** as the control group (11) Zuogui Wan 290.50 [+ or -] 202.83 [+ or -] gestational 90.50 *** (###) 79.57 *** (###) diabetes mellitus group (12) Group Feed intake Fecal output (g/kg/day) (g/kg/day) Normal pregnancy 73.09 [+ or -] 17.55 [+ or -] group (11) 13.46 4.70 Gestational 159.82 [+ or -] 85.18 [+ or -] diabetes mellitus 32.55 *** 20.64 *** as the control group (11) Zuogui Wan 106.33 [+ or -] 49.42 [+ or -] gestational 29.08 ** (###) 14.61 *** (###) diabetes mellitus group (12) Note: all results are presented as mean [+ or /] S.D.
Specifically assess for tachycardia, a decrease in palpable pulse pressure, and urinary output
or increases in CRT, skin tenting, or respiratory rate.
There was no effect of phytate content on the urinary output
(P=0.195) and on the amount of Ca retained (P=0.327).
Certainly, the decreasing urinary output
of iodine must be considered as one factor.
Table 1 Phases of Obstructive Nephropathy * Early or hyperemic phase 2-3 hours * Late or vasoconstrictive phase 12-24 hours * Recovery Period following relief until glomerular filtration rate normalizes * Possible postobstructive diuresis, hypophosphatemia, hyperkalemia, and hyponatremia (Mustonen et al., 1999) Table 2 Obstructive Nephropathy Symptoms * Increased frequency and urge to urinate * Urinary hesitancy * Incontinence * Decreased urinary stream * Nocturia * Dysuria * Feeling of incomplete emptying of bladder * Alternating episodes of increased and decreased urinary output
Some studies have shown that elderly residents may produce 2/3 to 3/4 of their total urinary output
SIADH was confirmed by clinical and laboratory findings (body weight stable at 35 kg, arterial blood pressure 115/80 mmHg, urinary output
1300 mL/24 h, plasma sodium 133 mmol/L (reference range 135-145), plasma osmolality 265 mOsm/kg, urea 30 mg/dL (reference range 20-80), creatinine 0.30 mg/dL (reference range 0.25-0.85), copeptin 16.6 pmol/L (reference range 3-8), urine sodium 144 mmol/L, urine osmolality 502 mOsm/kg).
Alloxan-induced diabetic rats showed a significant (p < 0.05) increase in urinary output
, urinary protein and creatinine after 8 weeks as compared to their pre-diabetic levels.
After a few hours, BP and urinary output
of the patient improved; however, tachycardia was still present.
Need for intra-operative monitoring of urinary output
Physician documented reason Foley in place Yes / No greater than 2 postoperative days: Postoperative day: Patient criteria for Foley catheter met?
On administration of 4 [micro]g desmopressin, urinary output
fell to around 100 ml/hour and serum sodium returned to 147 mmol/l, in keeping with a diagnosis of central diabetes insipidus.
Overall, depressed patients had high urinary norepinephrine and its metabolite normetanephrine, but lower urinary output
of the dopamine metabolite dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) compared to controls.