factor

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factor,

in arithmetic, any number that divides a given number evenly, i.e., without any remainder. The factors of 12 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 12. Similarly in algebra, any one of the algebraic expressions multiplied by another to form a product is a factor of that product, e.g., a+b and ab are factors of a2b 2, since (a+b)(ab)=a2b2. In general, if r is a rootroot,
in mathematics, number or quantity r for which an equation f(r)=0 holds true, where f is some function. If f is a polynomial, r is called a root of f; for example, r=3 and r
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 of a polynomialpolynomial,
mathematical expression which is a finite sum, each term being a constant times a product of one or more variables raised to powers. With only one variable the general form of a polynomial is a0xn+a1x
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 equation f(x)=0, then (xr) is a factor of the polynomial f(x).
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factor

[′fak·tər]
(mathematics)
For an integer n, any integer which gives n when multiplied by another integer.
For a polynomial p, any polynomial which gives p when multiplied by another polynomial.
For a graph G, a spanning subgraph of G with at least one edge.
(statistics)
A quantity or a variable being studied in an experiment as a possible cause of variation.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

factor

1. Maths
a. one of two or more integers or polynomials whose product is a given integer or polynomial
b. an integer or polynomial that can be exactly divided into another integer or polynomial
2. Med any of several substances that participate in the clotting of blood
3. Law, Commerce a person who acts on another's behalf, esp one who transacts business for another
4. former name for a gene
5. Commercial law a person to whom goods are consigned for sale and who is paid a factorage
6. (in Scotland) the manager of an estate
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

factor

A quantity which is multiplied by another quantity.

See also divisor.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

factor

A number that divides evenly into another number. For example, 3 and 4 are factors of 12. See factorial and IFP.
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References in periodicals archive ?
A remarkably innovative procedure that is still under evaluation and development, uterus transplantation is likely to change the lives of many women who are not able to carry a pregnancy due to Uterine Factor Infertility.
The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for uterine factors was 83.33% ,100%, 100% and 96.84%, respectively, for tubal factors 93.55%, 94.68%, 85.29% and 96.83%, respectively and for peritoneal factors 62.5%, 92%, 71.43% and 88.46%, respectively.
Surgeons at the Cleveland Clinic had to remove the transplanted uterus of a 26-year-old woman who was the first patient in a groundbreaking U.S.-based study aimed at achieving pregnancy in women with uterine factor infertility.
of Cases % No demonstrable pathology 129 84% Demonstrable pathology 23 15% Considering uterine factor, we found that 84% of cases had normal findings, 15% had abnormal findings.
The exceptional and difficult work of Turkish and Swedish teams provides a new option for women with absolute uterine factor infertility.