valence bond

valence bond

[′vā·ləns ‚bänd]
(physical chemistry)
The bond formed between the electrons of two or more atoms.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, nanoSi[O.sub.2] has a high affinity for basalt fibers as they are similar in valence bond polarity.
This is clear evidence that their lack of combustion is due to insufficient flame temperature, the strength of the valence bond of fossil fuel, and other factors.
Subsequent studies have extended this concept to the other backbone valence bond angles, to the peptide bond planarity, and, more recently, to bond distances [7, 8].
1) shows typical signals of O-H, C-H, and C=0 valence bond vibration (3100-3600, 2800-3000, and 1750 [cm.sup.-1]) and C[H.sub.2]-deformation vibration (1460 [cm.sup.-1]).
The first volume focuses on fundamental aspects of chemical bonding, and presents such perspectives as the physical origin of covalent bonding, the natural bond orbital (NBO) view, the valence bond perspective, the conceptual density functional theory, and relativity and chemical bonding.
Mn is preferred for the doping of ZnO due to the fact that the d electron of Mn at [t.sub.2g] level can easily overlap with the ZnO's valence bond as compared with other transition elements.
The American chemist Linus Pauling developed the resonance concept in the 1920s and 1930s as part of his valence bond approach to molecular structure, which he hoped would enable relatively mathematically unsophisticated chemists to use the new quantum mechanics (17) to obtain a pragmatically useful understanding of the structure and bonding in molecules.
He pays special attention to the Rayleigh variational method, characterizing it as the essential tool for any practical application both in molecular orbital and valence bond theory.
The authors provide a qualitative insight of valence bond (VB) theory and ways to apply the theory to the problems of bonding and reactivity in the ground and excited states of molecules.
16 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, Messmer argues that an unconventional bonding scheme, known as the generalized valence bond (GVB) theory, gracefully accounts for a class of molecules that conventional theories can't portray without slipping in counterintuitive concepts and adjustments.
The valence bond model is a description of acid-base bonding useful in fields such as materials science and mineralogy.
Called the resonating valence bond (RVB) theory, it relies on the magnetic spins of copper atoms to cause, under special circumstances, the attraction of electron pairs.