vanguard party


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vanguard party

(MARXISM) a form of revolutionary POLITICAL PARTY aimed at providing leadership of the working class, and overthrow of the RULING CLASS. The conception was formulated by LENIN in his famous work What is to be Done? (1902), in which he dealt with the specific problems of party-building in Tsarist Russia, a political system which operated as a police state. In these circumstances, Lenin outlined the necessity for a strongly centralized and disciplined party organization, with full-time members, to provide the practical and theoretical training of revolutionaries, since he had no confidence that revolutionary consciousness would develop spontaneously Without the creation of a vanguard, working-class consciousness would fail to advance beyond a limited TRADE-UNION CONSCIOUSNESS Lenin has been criticized for setting aside questions of democratic accountability, and as paving the way for STALINISM. Harding (1977), however, stresses the importance of seeing Lenin's ideas in their historical context rather than as reflecting a principled opposition to democracy in all circumstances.
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite his party's socialist leaning, the PP considers itself a Kemalist, nationalist, vanguard party that believes in the purity of Turkey.
His solution (emphasised more by Lenin) was the 'dictatorship of the proletariat' and the vehicle for that, dictat' revolutionary vanguard party whose leadership was the repository for the 'scientific' truth extolled by Marxism.
In the end, the disintegration of American Maoist efforts to form a classic Marxist-Leninist vanguard party were as much due to shifts in Chinese policy, particularly in the wake of Mao's death in 1976, as they were due to FBI dirty tricks and surveillance.
The partnership of these two countries (Iran and Russia) in fighting regional terrorism is needed," Noufel Noufel, the secretary-general of Syria's Democratic Vanguard Party (Al-Talia'a Democratic Party), told FNA.
Summary: The Democratic Left Federation -- a union comprising three radical leftist Moroccan parties: the United Socialist Party (PSU), the Democratic Socialist Vanguard Party (PADS) and the National Ittihadi Congress (CNI) -- announced last year that it would enter the upcoming local and parliamentary elections in Morocco.
The Democratic Left Federation (DLF)--a union comprising three radical leftist Moroccan parties: the United Socialist Party (PSU), the Democratic Socialist Vanguard Party (PADS), and the National Ittihadi Congress (CNI)--announced last year that it would enter the upcoming local and parliamentary elections in Morocco.
The rejection of the role of a vanguard party in controlling society and planning production is crucial to the development of the socialist alternative.
The aforementioned statement was signed by the People Party, Popular Will Party, Solidarity Party, Syria the Homeland Party, Democratic Vanguard Party, Syrian Democratic Party, National Youth Party for Justice and Development, Syrian National Youth Party, and Democratic Arab Solidarity Party.
The communique was signed by the Workers' Party, Nid Tounes, the Ettakatol reforming movement, El Kotb, the Socialist Party, the Farmers' Voice, the Arab Democratic Vanguard Party, The Tunisian Anti-Torture Organisation and the Union of Unemployed Graduates.
The Annahj Addimocrati Party, the Unified Socialist Party, the Democratic Socialist Vanguard Party, the Congress Ittihadi Party, the Al Adl Wal Ihsan (banned group), the Forum for Truth and Justice and some organizations of human rights including the Moroccan Association of Human Rights joined the demonstration.
In line with the scheme laid out by Vladimir Lenin, in which revolutions are led by a vanguard party, political power in Cuba resides with the Central Committee of the Cuban Communist Party.
Later volumes were to incorporate Dobbs's recollections of his own personal involvement in seeking to build a proletarian vanguard party.