vanguard party


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vanguard party

(MARXISM) a form of revolutionary POLITICAL PARTY aimed at providing leadership of the working class, and overthrow of the RULING CLASS. The conception was formulated by LENIN in his famous work What is to be Done? (1902), in which he dealt with the specific problems of party-building in Tsarist Russia, a political system which operated as a police state. In these circumstances, Lenin outlined the necessity for a strongly centralized and disciplined party organization, with full-time members, to provide the practical and theoretical training of revolutionaries, since he had no confidence that revolutionary consciousness would develop spontaneously Without the creation of a vanguard, working-class consciousness would fail to advance beyond a limited TRADE-UNION CONSCIOUSNESS Lenin has been criticized for setting aside questions of democratic accountability, and as paving the way for STALINISM. Harding (1977), however, stresses the importance of seeing Lenin's ideas in their historical context rather than as reflecting a principled opposition to democracy in all circumstances.
References in periodicals archive ?
He describes how these legacies and crises shaped the post-war political order in as the EPRDF created a political system based on the contradiction of a ruling party that exemplified a disciplined, authoritarian, vanguard party organized around democratic centralism, while the winning rebels built a ruling coalition from four diverse, ethnically based parties and wrote a constitution that emphasized ethno-federalism.
(TAP) - Attalia party (Democratic Arab Vanguard Party), member of the Popular Front, expressed Tuesday, its deep concern about the situation of the Popular Front.
If we add to this Lenin's concept of the revolutionary vanguard party and active participation of working class in the process of historical change, we get the big picture.
Perhaps the reason was that the Soviet state was headed by Vladimir Lenin, who had added the need for a vanguard party to the original Marxist doctrine.
However, socialism took root elsewhere, first in Russia led by Lenin through the vanguard party, the Bolsheviks which mobilized people or the 'subjective forces' to victory; and China's Mao Tse Tung, who applied Marxist-Leninist thoughts to a peasant economy through 'protracted war from the countryside.'
Despite his party's socialist leaning, the PP considers itself a Kemalist, nationalist, vanguard party that believes in the purity of Turkey.
His solution (emphasised more by Lenin) was the 'dictatorship of the proletariat' and the vehicle for that, dictat' revolutionary vanguard party whose leadership was the repository for the 'scientific' truth extolled by Marxism.
In the end, the disintegration of American Maoist efforts to form a classic Marxist-Leninist vanguard party were as much due to shifts in Chinese policy, particularly in the wake of Mao's death in 1976, as they were due to FBI dirty tricks and surveillance.
"The partnership of these two countries (Iran and Russia) in fighting regional terrorism is needed," Noufel Noufel, the secretary-general of Syria's Democratic Vanguard Party (Al-Talia'a Democratic Party), told FNA.
Summary: The Democratic Left Federation -- a union comprising three radical leftist Moroccan parties: the United Socialist Party (PSU), the Democratic Socialist Vanguard Party (PADS) and the National Ittihadi Congress (CNI) -- announced last year that it would enter the upcoming local and parliamentary elections in Morocco.
The Democratic Left Federation (DLF)--a union comprising three radical leftist Moroccan parties: the United Socialist Party (PSU), the Democratic Socialist Vanguard Party (PADS), and the National Ittihadi Congress (CNI)--announced last year that it would enter the upcoming local and parliamentary elections in Morocco.
Considering his analysis, Lebowitz says goodbye to Vanguard Marxism and looks forward to a "society of associated conductors." The rejection of the role of a vanguard party in controlling society and planning production is crucial to the development of the socialist alternative.