vanilla


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vanilla,

a plant of the genus Vanilla of the family Orchidaceae (orchidorchid,
popular name for members of the Orchidaceae, a family of perennial herbs widely distributed in both hemispheres. The unusually large family (of some 450 genera and an estimated 10,000 to 17,500 species) includes terrestrial, epiphytic (see epiphyte), and saprophytic
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 family). Vines of hot, damp climates, most are indigenous to Central and South America, especially Mexico, but are now cultivated in other tropical regions. The fruits yield vanilla, a flavoring popular since pre-Columbian times, when the Aztecs used it in making chocolate. The commercial vanilla plant is usually V. planifolia or V. fragrans. Since its natural pollinating agents (certain bees and hummingbirds) are uniquely adapted for this function, commercial plants must be pollinated by hand. The source of the flavor is an aromatic essence, vanillin, which crystallizes on the outside of the seed pod after a series of curing and drying processes. Vanilla flavoring is also obtained from the tonka beantonka bean
, black-skinned, aromatic, almondlike single seed from the pod of any tall leguminous tree of the genus Dipteryx in the family Leguminosae (pulse family) of tropical South America.
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, although now it is most commonly manufactured by the cheaper process of artificially synthesizing vanillin, as from coal tar, clove oil, or lignin, a byproduct of paper manufacture. Vanilla is usually marketed as an alcoholic extract for use as food and tobacco flavoring and in perfumery. Vanilla is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Orchidales, family Orchidaceae.

Bibliography

See P. Rain, Vanilla (2004).

vanilla

[və′nil·ə]
(computer science)
Referring to a generalized system, usually software, that has not been subjected to special modifications, enhancements, or customization. Also known as plain vanilla; pure vanilla.

vanilla

1. any tropical climbing orchid of the genus Vanilla, esp V. plonifolia, having spikes of large fragrant greenish-yellow flowers and long fleshy pods containing the seeds (beans)
2. the pod or bean of certain of these plants, used to flavour food, etc.

vanilla

1. (Default flavour of ice cream in the US) Ordinary flavour, standard. When used of food, very often does not mean that the food is flavoured with vanilla extract! For example, "vanilla wonton soup" means ordinary wonton soup, as opposed to hot-and-sour wonton soup. Applied to hardware and software, as in "Vanilla Version 7 Unix can't run on a vanilla PDP 11/34." Also used to orthogonalise chip nomenclature; for instance, a 74V00 means what TI calls a 7400, as distinct from a 74LS00, etc. This word differs from canonical in that the latter means "default", whereas vanilla simply means "ordinary". For example, when hackers go to a chinese restaurant, hot-and-sour wonton soup is the canonical wonton soup to get (because that is what most of them usually order) even though it isn't the vanilla wonton soup.
References in periodicals archive ?
The results of the project will allow Symrise to understand how the yield and quality of vanilla can be further improved.
His harvest, when blanched and sun-dried, will produce 33 kg of black vanilla, worth around $5,700 on the local market, more than 10 times the average income in Madagascar.
Until Linares reported her findings, the earliest reported archaeological traces of vanilla had been found in Mexico, which were dated to about a thousand years ago.
The store has also added 5p to its own-label 150g vanilla yoghurt, now 70p.
Sainsbury's put a 900ml tub of its vanilla ice cream up from PS1.75 to PS2 and four own-label 110ml vanilla cones up 10p to PS1.20.
"I named the spider Vanilla after my favourite cheesecake flavour.
Kieran Garry, project manager at Vanilla, said: "We've given them a better platform to help them transform and grow their business.
4 THE vanillin found in vanilla extract may have cholesterollowering benefits, according to a study.
In 1841, on a plantation on the French colonial Island of Reunion, a twelve-year-old orphaned slave boy named Edmond discovered a hand-pollination method for vanilla plants requiring only a thin stick and press of the thumb.
Vanilla's extended ignorance about the concept of asexuality may frustrate readers as they plow through many iterations of the boys' conflicting desires.
the Mexican government in 2009 to help protect the unique nature of the vanilla grown there (SourceMex, Feb.