vanilla

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vanilla,

a plant of the genus Vanilla of the family Orchidaceae (orchidorchid,
popular name for members of the Orchidaceae, a family of perennial herbs widely distributed in both hemispheres. The unusually large family (of some 450 genera and an estimated 10,000 to 17,500 species) includes terrestrial, epiphytic (see epiphyte), and saprophytic
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 family). Vines of hot, damp climates, most are indigenous to Central and South America, especially Mexico, but are now cultivated in other tropical regions. The fruits yield vanilla, a flavoring popular since pre-Columbian times, when the Aztecs used it in making chocolate. The commercial vanilla plant is usually V. planifolia or V. fragrans. Since its natural pollinating agents (certain bees and hummingbirds) are uniquely adapted for this function, commercial plants must be pollinated by hand. The source of the flavor is an aromatic essence, vanillin, which crystallizes on the outside of the seed pod after a series of curing and drying processes. Vanilla flavoring is also obtained from the tonka beantonka bean
, black-skinned, aromatic, almondlike single seed from the pod of any tall leguminous tree of the genus Dipteryx in the family Leguminosae (pulse family) of tropical South America.
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, although now it is most commonly manufactured by the cheaper process of artificially synthesizing vanillin, as from coal tar, clove oil, or lignin, a byproduct of paper manufacture. Vanilla is usually marketed as an alcoholic extract for use as food and tobacco flavoring and in perfumery. Vanilla is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Orchidales, family Orchidaceae.

Bibliography

See P. Rain, Vanilla (2004).

vanilla

[və′nil·ə]
(computer science)
Referring to a generalized system, usually software, that has not been subjected to special modifications, enhancements, or customization. Also known as plain vanilla; pure vanilla.

vanilla

1. any tropical climbing orchid of the genus Vanilla, esp V. plonifolia, having spikes of large fragrant greenish-yellow flowers and long fleshy pods containing the seeds (beans)
2. the pod or bean of certain of these plants, used to flavour food, etc.

vanilla

1. (Default flavour of ice cream in the US) Ordinary flavour, standard. When used of food, very often does not mean that the food is flavoured with vanilla extract! For example, "vanilla wonton soup" means ordinary wonton soup, as opposed to hot-and-sour wonton soup. Applied to hardware and software, as in "Vanilla Version 7 Unix can't run on a vanilla PDP 11/34." Also used to orthogonalise chip nomenclature; for instance, a 74V00 means what TI calls a 7400, as distinct from a 74LS00, etc. This word differs from canonical in that the latter means "default", whereas vanilla simply means "ordinary". For example, when hackers go to a chinese restaurant, hot-and-sour wonton soup is the canonical wonton soup to get (because that is what most of them usually order) even though it isn't the vanilla wonton soup.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nielsen-Massey's cold extraction method coaxes all of the delicate and volatile flavour components from the vanilla bean, then careful drying preserves the flavour until it is released when reconstituted.
The Aztecs originally used vanilla to flavor Chocolatl, a popular drink concocted with cacao beans.
As a result of these multiple natural disasters, vanilla crops are well below where they have typically stood.
Classic creme patisserie, or custard, uses vanilla to enhance the fresh fruits that adorn the tarts that are staples in European-style bakeries.
Vanilla is a versatile ingredient that goes well with the traditional gelato flavours of chocolate, mocha and cappuccino; nut flavours such as almond and hazelnut; and fruit flavours such as berry, citrus and currant.
When Cyclone Hudah pummeled the island of Madagascar with sustained winds of nearly 200 mph last spring, 100 metric tons of freshly harvested vanilla beans were destroyed, and thousands of vines lacing across the country were damaged.
Additional information on Nielsen-Massey Pure Vanilla Extracts, Flavors, and Blends is available from Nielsen-Massey Vanillas, Inc., 1550 Shields Dr., Waukegan, IL 60085-8307.
[USPRwire, Fri May 24 2019] A new report titled " Vanilla Market - Industry Analysis (2013 -- 2017) & Opportunity Assessment (2018 -- 2028)" has been included in the enormous research repository of Market Research Reports Search Engine (MRRSE) that compiles various facets of the Vanilla market at a global level portraying a holistic analysis of the marketplace along with intelligence on key participants.
[ClickPress, Fri May 24 2019] A new report titled " Vanilla Market - Industry Analysis (2013 -- 2017) & Opportunity Assessment (2018 -- 2028)" has been included in the enormous research repository of Market Research Reports Search Engine (MRRSE) that compiles various facets of the Vanilla market at a global level portraying a holistic analysis of the marketplace along with intelligence on key participants.
Mexico is pushing to protect its heritage as the cradle of vanilla, even though the country accounts for only about 1% of global production.
* Vanilla originally hails from Mexico, and was discovered by the Europeans at the same time as chocolate.