We then create a latent variable, Reduction [Index.sub.it]*, which varies between negative and positive infinity, and assume that can be observed as the variable Reduction
[Index.sub.it] only when it has a value larger than 0.
In Chapter 2, the authors introduce simple and multiple regression, data transformations, multicollinearity and ridge regression, and independent variable reduction
using principal components analysis.
The variables must be separable as discussed above and the number of variable reduction
is only equal to the number of conditional linear parameters that exists for the problem.
Consequently a variable reduction strategy (VRS) is developed and integrated into the PSO variants.
The solution space of the optimization problem after variable reduction is changed accordingly as displayed in Figure 1(b).
After standard variable reduction
procedures (see below), we used these metrics to develop and rank a priori and post hoc models to determine which landscape characteristics may be useful in predicting gray fox relative abundance at the county level.
With KXEN technology, Equifax can quickly analyse data and conduct efficient data mining and variable reduction
The differential D, thanks to its kinematical scheme, has a variable reduction
Less power consumption, lower transmitting powerWith state-of-the-art switched-mode power supplies, the new Gigaset phones save energy and permit variable reduction
of the transmitting power -- by up to 100 percent in idle or recharging mode.
Biosolids treatment provides variable reduction
of pathogen concentrations.
procedures were then implemented to provide a more simple model.
The differential D, thanks to its kinematic scheme, has a variable reduction