We then create a latent variable, Reduction [Index.sub.it]*, which varies between negative and positive infinity, and assume that can be observed as the

variable Reduction [Index.sub.it] only when it has a value larger than 0.

In Chapter 2, the authors introduce simple and multiple regression, data transformations, multicollinearity and ridge regression, and independent

variable reduction using principal components analysis.

The variables must be separable as discussed above and the number of

variable reduction is only equal to the number of conditional linear parameters that exists for the problem.

Consequently a variable reduction strategy (VRS) is developed and integrated into the PSO variants.

The solution space of the optimization problem after variable reduction is changed accordingly as displayed in Figure 1(b).

After standard

variable reduction procedures (see below), we used these metrics to develop and rank a priori and post hoc models to determine which landscape characteristics may be useful in predicting gray fox relative abundance at the county level.

With KXEN technology, Equifax can quickly analyse data and conduct efficient data mining and

variable reduction exercises.

The differential D, thanks to its kinematical scheme, has a

variable reduction ratio.

Less power consumption, lower transmitting powerWith state-of-the-art switched-mode power supplies, the new Gigaset phones save energy and permit

variable reduction of the transmitting power -- by up to 100 percent in idle or recharging mode.

Biosolids treatment provides

variable reduction of pathogen concentrations.

Variable reduction procedures were then implemented to provide a more simple model.

The differential D, thanks to its kinematic scheme, has a

variable reduction ratio.