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Dilatation of the veins of the pampiniform plexus of the spermatic cord, forming a soft, elastic, often uncomfortable swelling.



a nodular dilatation and elongation of veins of the spermatic cord. It appears mostly between the ages of 17 and 30. Its development is caused by the intensified flow of blood to the genitalia and its difficult outflow, for example, when the veins of the spermatic cord are compressed in the inguinal ring following physical overexertion or prolonged standing (such as in the case of barbers, floor polishers, and waiters). General weakening of the body, weakness of the venous walls, diseases of the vascular system, and other diseases are predisposing factors in the development of varicocele. It is manifested by dull, pulling pain and a sensation of heaviness in the scrotum. Treatment consists of the removal of the causes, use of a suspensory, and, in some cases, surgery.


Grebenshchikov, G. S. “Rasshirenie ven semennogo kanatika: Semennaia kista.” In Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po khirurgii, vol. 9. Edited by B. V. Petrovskii. Moscow, 1959.
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Shortly after laboratory evaluations, the patients underwent varicocelectomy.
Six of the 11 men came for follow up after 6 months of varicocelectomy.
This prospective, non-controlled, observational study was carried out between July 2011 and June 2014, and included patient candidates for varicocelectomy with at least one abnormal semen parameter.
Varicocelectomy reduces reactive oxygen species levels and increases antioxidant activity of seminal plasma from infertile men with varicocele.
Materials and Methods: We performed a prospective study of 81 infertile men undergoing microsurgical inguinal varicocelectomy.
The only hint was the previous varicocelectomy, although his postoperative course was uneventful.
The procedures that are believed ineffective included varicocelectomy, radical cystectomy, orchidopexy and laparoscopic stone removal (Figure 2).
Procedures performed included dismembered pyeloplasty, varicocelectomy, simple nephrectomy, renal cyst decortication, and pyelolithotomy.
Demographic data of the patients Groups Group 1 Group 2 n % n % Sex Female 7 14 11 22 Male 43 86 39 78 Educational level Primary school 31 62 35 70 Secondary school 3 6 3 6 High school 10 20 8 16 College 6 12 4 8 Surgical classification Endoscopic surgery 15 37 17 34 Transurethral resection 8 16 8 16 Varicocelectomy 10 13 9 10 Open pelvic surgery * 8 13 6 10 Renal surgery 9 21 10 30 *: Open radical prostatectomy, Open radical cystectomy
The procedure itself is carried out similar to a subinguinal microsurgical varicocelectomy.