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Dilatation of the veins of the pampiniform plexus of the spermatic cord, forming a soft, elastic, often uncomfortable swelling.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a nodular dilatation and elongation of veins of the spermatic cord. It appears mostly between the ages of 17 and 30. Its development is caused by the intensified flow of blood to the genitalia and its difficult outflow, for example, when the veins of the spermatic cord are compressed in the inguinal ring following physical overexertion or prolonged standing (such as in the case of barbers, floor polishers, and waiters). General weakening of the body, weakness of the venous walls, diseases of the vascular system, and other diseases are predisposing factors in the development of varicocele. It is manifested by dull, pulling pain and a sensation of heaviness in the scrotum. Treatment consists of the removal of the causes, use of a suspensory, and, in some cases, surgery.


Grebenshchikov, G. S. “Rasshirenie ven semennogo kanatika: Semennaia kista.” In Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po khirurgii, vol. 9. Edited by B. V. Petrovskii. Moscow, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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of % Patients Adhesiolysis 19 29 Anterior Resection, APR 03 04 Diagnostic Laparoscopy (with omental biopsy) 01 01.5 Excision of cysts 08 12 Deroofing of cyst 01 01.5 Gastrojejunostomy 05 07 Left Hemicolectomy 02 03 Right Hemicolectomy 02 03 Jejunojejunostomy 01 01.5 Live Omentopexy 02 03 Mesh Repair 02 03 Orchidectomy 02 03 Pericystectomy 06 09 Diaphragmatic Repair with Gastropexy 01 01.5 Splenectomy 01 01.5 TAPP 01 02 TEPP 07 10 Varicocelectomy 03 04.5 Total 65 100 Table 5.
Clinical versus subclinical varicocele: improvement in fertility after varicocelectomy. Fertil Steril 1992;57:854-7.
Laparoscopic vs open varicocelectomy in children and adolescents: Review of the recent literature and meta-analysis.
Zampieri et al., "Effect of varicocelectomy on the plasma oxidative stress parameters," Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol.
Shortly after laboratory evaluations, the patients underwent varicocelectomy. All patients were operated by the same surgical technique, open high retroperitoneal Palomo approach, so as to avoid the effect of different techniques on the study (14).
This finding is of clinical significance as men with varicocele may be counselled to try conceiving approximately 6 months post varicocelectomy.
They also cover assisted reproduction techniques, including discussion of the effects of obesity, and differing views on controversies in reproductive medicine such as the use of varicocelectomy surgery, aneuploidy screening, and genetic screening.
Although varicocelectomy is considered as a highly effective treatment of infertility due to varicoceles, a significant number of men remain infertile after varicocelectomy [17].
RDA: The use of ultrasound to evaluate scrotal contents was a major advance, as was the development of new techniques, instruments, and exquisite suture materials for microsurgical varicocelectomy, vasovasostomy, and vasoepididymostomy.