Three crystalline polymorph of anhydrous CC are wellknown: calcite, aragonite and vaterite
. Among them, calcite is thermodynamically the most stable and vaterite
is the least stable form.
Marin and Luquet (2004) reported that 1-5% of the mollusc shell weight included organic matrix (aragonite, calcite, or in particular cases, vaterite
The solubilities of calcite, aragonite and vaterite
in C[O.sub.2]-[H.sub.2]O solutions between 0 and 90[degrees]C, and an evaluation of the aqueous model for the system CaC[O.sub.3]-C[O.sub.2]-[H.sub.2]O.
The most important substances with respect to the biomineralization process are calcium carbonate and its modifications such as calcite, aragonite and vaterite
(Qiao et al.
Calcite, aragonite, and vaterite
are the main polymorphic forms of calcium carbonate.
Calcium carbonate has three crystalline morphologies which are calcite, aragonite, and vaterite
Tremel, "Templated growth of calcite, vaterite
and aragonite crystals onself-assembled monolayers of substituted alkylthiols on gold," Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol.
Chen, "Biomimetic synthesis of vaterite
by N-succinyl-O-hydroxypropyl sulfonated chitosan," Chinese Journal of Materials Research, vol.
calcium carbonate for the adsorption of Congo red from aqueous solutions," Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, vol.
Busenberg, "The solubilities of calcite, aragonite and vaterite
in C[O.sub.2]-H2O solutions between 0 and 90[degrees]C, and an evaluation of the aqueous model for the system CaC[O.sub.3]-C[O.sub.2]-[H.sub.2]O," Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.
According to , among the three polymorphs, the vaterite
form is less stable and has the ability to transform into one of the other two polymorphs.
Effects of temperature and vaterite
replacement on the chemistry of metal ions in the otoliths of Oncorhynchus tshawystcha.