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Pole,

English noble family. The first member of importance was William de la Pole, d. 1366, a rich merchant who became the first mayor of Hull (1332) and a baron of the exchequer (1339). His oldest son, Michael de la Pole, 1st earl of Suffolk, 1330?–1389, fought in France in the Hundred Years War under Edward the Black Prince. He became the trusted adviser of Richard IIRichard II,
1367–1400, king of England (1377–99), son of Edward the Black Prince. Early Life

After his father's death (1376) he was created prince of Wales and succeeded his grandfather, Edward III, to the throne.
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, who made him chancellor (1383) and earl of Suffolk (1385). In the Parliament of 1386 his enemies forced his dismissal, and he was impeached and imprisoned. Richard soon released and reinstated him, but when the baronial opposition again demanded his arrest, De la Pole fled (1387) to France. "Appealed" of treason and sentenced to death in the Merciless Parliament of 1388, he died in exile. His grandson, William de la Pole, 4th earl and 1st duke of Suffolk, 1396–1450, played an active role in the later stages of the Hundred Years War and for a time held the chief command. He arranged the marriage (1445) of Margaret of AnjouMargaret of Anjou
, 1430?–1482, queen consort of King Henry VI of England, daughter of René of Anjou. Her marriage, which took place in 1445, was negotiated by William de la Pole, 4th earl (later 1st duke) of Suffolk (see under Pole, family).
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 to Henry VIHenry VI,
1421–71, king of England (1422–61, 1470–71). Reign
Early Years

The only son of Henry V and Catherine of Valois, he became king of England when he was not yet nine months old.
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 and rose to a position of great political authority, reaching the peak of his power in 1448 when he was made duke. His persistent efforts to gain peace with France enabled his enemies to accuse him of treason, especially after disastrous losses in Normandy. His long record of service, his eloquent appeal to Parliament, and even the favor of the king could not save him from impeachment. When setting out for a five-year exile he was abducted from his ship and beheaded in a boat off Dover. His wife was the granddaughter of Geoffrey Chaucer. His son, John de la Pole, 2d duke of Suffolk, 1443–91, married Edward IV's sister Elizabeth and held offices under that king. He later supported Richard III, yet was favored by Henry VII. Of his sons, the eldest was John de la Pole, earl of Lincoln, 1464–87, who was recognized by Richard III as his heir presumptive. At first he appeared to accept Henry VII, but he soon joined the rebellion in favor of Lambert SimnelSimnel, Lambert
, c.1475–1525, imposter and pretender to the English throne. Little is known of his early life, but before 1486 he caught the attention of an Oxford priest, Richard Simon or Symonds, who trained him to impersonate Richard, duke of York, younger son of
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. He led an invading army from Ireland and was killed at the battle of Stoke. The second son, Edmund de la Pole, earl of Suffolk, 1472?–1513, agreed to the wish of Henry VII that he forego the ducal title in return for some of the property forfeited as a result of his brother's treason. Later he declared his ambition for the throne and tried to get help on the Continent. He was eventually delivered (1506) as a prisoner to Henry VII by the Burgundians. He was imprisoned for years and finally executed by Henry VIII. The fifth son, Richard de la Pole, d. 1525, took over Edmund's claim to the throne and received intermittent support from the French. He was killed in the battle of Pavia fighting for Francis I of France. He was the last of his line.

pole,

in electricity and magnetism, point where electric or magnetic force appears to be concentrated. A single electric chargecharge,
property of matter that gives rise to all electrical phenomena (see electricity). The basic unit of charge, usually denoted by e, is that on the proton or the electron; that on the proton is designated as positive (+e
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 located at a point is sometimes referred to as an electric monopole. An electric dipole consists of two equal and opposite charges separated by a distance. Some molecules, although electrically neutral as a whole, do not have their charges distributed symmetrically, so that the separation of the centers of positive and negative charge constitutes an electric dipole; such molecules are called polar molecules. In calculating the electric potentialpotential, electric,
work per unit of electric charge expended in moving a charged body from a reference point to any given point in an electric field (see electrostatics).
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 at a distance r from an electric dipole, it is found that it varies principally as 1/r2, while the potential around a single charge varies as 1/r. More complex arrangements of charges may have potentials whose principal term contains a higher power of the distance r. A charge configuration for which the principal term of the potential varies as 1/r3 is called an electric quadrupole; similarly, an octupole is characterized by a potential varying as 1/r4, a 16-pole by 1/r5, and so forth. In magnetismmagnetism,
force of attraction or repulsion between various substances, especially those made of iron and certain other metals; ultimately it is due to the motion of electric charges.
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, poles may be defined in an analogous way, so that an ordinary bar magnet with a north pole at one end and a south pole at the other constitutes a magnetic dipole. The potential energy associated with a given arrangement of magnets may be analyzed similarly to that of an array of charges. The analogy is not complete, however, since no isolated magnetic charges (magnetic monopoles) have been found in nature, though some scientists believe their existence possible.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Pole

A slender log used as a structural member, with or without the bark removed.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

What does it mean when you dream about a pole?

A pole can be a symbol of female sexuality. There are a number of idiomatic uses of the term to which a dream might be alluding, as in the expression “poles apart” or “low on the totem pole.” The word is also sometimes used to refer to someone who is extremely thin.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.

pole

[pōl]
(crystallography)
A direction perpendicular to one of the faces of a crystal.
One of the points at which normals to crystal faces or planes intersect a reference sphere at whose center the crystal is located.
(electricity)
One of the electrodes in an electric cell.
An output terminal on a switch; a double-pole switch has two output terminals.
(mathematics)
An isolated singular point z0 of a complex function whose Laurent series expansion about z0 will include finitely many terms of form an (z-z0)-n .
For a great circle on a sphere, the pole of the circle is a point of intersection of the sphere and a line that passes through the center of the sphere and is perpendicular to the plane of the circle.
For a conic section, the pole of a line is the intersection of the tangents to the conic at the points of intersection of the conic with the line.
For a quadric surface, the pole of a plane is the vertex of the cone which is tangent to the surface along the curve where the plane intersects the surface.
The origin of a system of polar coordinates on a plane.
The origin of a system of geodesic polar coordinates on a surface.
(mechanics)
A point at which an axis of rotation or of symmetry passes through the surface of a body.
(optics)
The geometric center of a convex or concave mirror.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

pole

A long, slender, tapering piece of wood; a pale, prop, stake, or stay.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

pole

1
1. a long slender usually round piece of wood, metal, or other material
2. the piece of timber on each side of which a pair of carriage horses are hitched
3. another name for rod
4. Horse racing chiefly US and Canadian
a. the inside lane of a racecourse
b. (as modifier): the pole position
c. one of a number of markers placed at intervals of one sixteenth of a mile along the side of a racecourse
5. Nautical
a. any light spar
b. the part of a mast between the head and the attachment of the uppermost shrouds
6. under bare poles Nautical (of a sailing vessel) with no sails set

pole

2
1. either of the two antipodal points where the earth's axis of rotation meets the earth's surface
2. Astronomy short for celestial pole
3. Physics
a. either of the two regions at the extremities of a magnet to which the lines of force converge or from which they diverge
b. either of two points or regions in a piece of material, system, etc., at which there are opposite electric charges, as at the two terminals of a battery
4. Maths an isolated singularity of an analytical function
5. Biology
a. either end of the axis of a cell, spore, ovum, or similar body
b. either end of the spindle formed during the metaphase of mitosis and meiosis
6. Physiol the point on a neuron from which the axon or dendrites project from the cell body
7. Geometry the origin in a system of polar or spherical coordinates

Pole

1
Reginald. 1500--58, English cardinal; last Roman Catholic archbishop of Canterbury (1556--58)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Localization of axial determinants in the vegetal pole region of ascidian eggs.
The movement of most oil droplets toward the vegetal pole of the medaka egg begins at [T.sub.n] [approximately equal to] 0.15-0.30 (Catalone and Fluck, 1994).
The time between injection of dibromo-BAPTA and fixation of the eggs in the present study was sufficient for the buffer to diffuse to both the animal pole and vegetal pole, to dissipate cytosolic [Ca.sup.2+] gradients near the poles, and to inhibit the formation of the blastodisc and the movement of oil droplets toward the vegetal pole (Fluck et al., 1992, 1994).
The parallel array of microtubules near the vegetal pole was apparently resistant to the effects of the buffer, suggesting that microtubules in this region of the egg differ in some way from those in other regions of the egg.
Zones of elevated calcium are present at the animal and vegetal poles of the medaka egg during segregation (Fluck et al., 1992).
For example, of 11 eggs treated with 0.35 [[micro]molar] demecolcine and irradiated en face at the animal pole (2.8 x [10.sup.8] quanta [s.sup.-1] [[[micro]meter].sup.-2]), vegetal pole, or equator, all 11 cleaved and developed an embryonic axis; while of three eggs treated with 3.5 [[micro]molar] demecolcine and irradiated under similar conditions, all three cleaved but none developed an embryonic axis.
Apparently normal oil droplet movement was restored when we irradiated the animal pole or equatorial region en face, with oil droplets near the animal pole or equator moving away from the animal pole and toward the vegetal pole more or less along meridian lines [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 2A-F OMITTED].
When we irradiated an equatorial region en profil, oil droplets in the irradiated region moved toward the vegetal pole, while oil droplets in the rest of the egg either floated to the top of the egg or did not move at all [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 2I AND J OMITTED].
[TABULAR DATA FOR TABLE 1 OMITTED] In two of them, the injected droplets fused with native droplets, and the hybrid droplets moved toward the vegetal pole. In two eggs in which the injected droplets were not observed to fuse with native droplets, the injected droplets moved up, toward the animal pole [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 6A OMITTED]; and in another egg, the droplet of mineral oil did not move at all, even though nearby native droplets did move toward the vegetal pole.
In eight of these eggs, the injected droplet fused with endogenous oil droplets, and these hybrid droplets segregated toward the vegetal pole. However, in one egg in which the injected droplet was not observed to fuse with endogenous droplets, the injected droplet moved up, toward the animal pole, and came to rest near the blastodisc, while nearby endogenous droplets moved by it in the opposite direction on their way to the vegetal pole.
In other words, endogenous droplets, moving toward the vegetal pole, passed by the droplets of injected fluid, which were either stationary or moving toward the animal pole.