Step-by-Step Description of Blood Sampling by Venipuncture
This data suggests that venipuncture
may be a less painful option to the currently accepted method of obtaining blood from infants, sticking their heels.
Outcomes measured The outcome examined in the decision analysis was estimated cost to the Army, including the cost of serologic testing, venipuncture
, vaccine dosage and administration, hospital and outpatient charges, and training costs per case.
CVAD-derived tobramycin levels were considered to be "acceptable" if the difference between the levels obtained by venipuncture
and CVAD would not lead to a change in dosing.
Finger-prick-an alternative to venipuncture
forthe assessment of endocrine profiles in women.
Similarly, epinephrine and norepinephrine levels do not always become elevated during episodes of needle phobia.(1) They have been observed to decrease in eight subjects who fainted after venipuncture
, presumably related to the withdrawal of sympathetic vascular tone.(43) In another study, however, 21 young women dental patients had increased levels of epinephrine, but not norepinephrine, with a decrease in epinephrine after the procedure.(44) The findings of both of these studies are compatible with a biphasic cardiovascular response.
Preventing needlestick injuries and focusing on continuous improvement means getting to the point where the possibility of a needlestick during venipuncture
Some of the diagrams and images in the text could be clearer, particularly those concerning avian venipuncture
. The use of more color plates for species identification, fecal Gram's stain evaluation, and hematology also would be helpful.
or venepuncture is the process of obtaining blood by gaining intravenous access.
Line draws from short peripheral IV catheters (SPC) are a clinically desired method for blood collection because they can save patients pain and bruising, preserve veins, and eliminate the need to find a venipuncture
Some complications of venipuncture
procedures include, but are not limited to:
For experimental controls, they used venipuncture
, the standard of care in most hospitals, to draw tubes of blood from an arm vein.