injury

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Related to ventilator-induced lung injury: atelectrauma

injury

Law a violation or infringement of another person's rights that causes him harm and is actionable at law
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

injury

[′in·jə·rē]
(medicine)
A structural or functional stress or trauma that induces a pathologic process.
Damage resulting from the stress.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ranieri, "Overview of ventilator-induced lung injury mechanisms," Current Opinion in Critical Care, vol.
Mechanical ventilation (MV) is essential life support for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS); however, it can also lead to ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) due to regional alveolar overstretch and/or repetitive alveolar collapse, which were termed as barotrauma, volutrauma, and atelectrauma.
In their rabbit model of ventilator-induced lung injury, Sinclair et al demonstrated hypercapnic acidosis to be protective (18).
The first major theme, the thorny problem of simultaneously accomplishing worthwhile clinical goals while avoiding ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI), has been a tough nut to crack.
Previous studies have shown that SQV limits the TLR4-mediated inflammatory pathway, reduces NF-[kappa]B activation, and reduces HMGB1 expression from ventilator-induced lung injury in mice (9).
Background: Ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) is commonly associated with barrier dysfunction and inflammation reaction.
When released into plasma, this protein serves as a danger signal that provokes profound inflammatory responses, regarded as "the nuclear weapon in immune arsenal" [17], in association with the recruitment of neutrophil cells [4] and participates in the development of acute lung injury [18], as well as ventilator-induced lung injury [19,20].
In the article titled "Hydrogen Sulfide Prevents Formation of Reactive Oxygen Species through PI3K/Akt Signaling and Limits Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury" [1], there was an error in the authors' affiliation.
However, this type of ventilation may further aggravate the lung injury, which is called ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI).
Research into the damage caused by mechanical ventilation (ventilator-induced lung injury) has been focused largely on the primacy of repeated stresses and strains encountered by the lung parenchyma and unsupported small airways during tidal breathing.
A high-DP results in more "energy trauma" and as such is a key mediator of ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) in positive pressure ventilation.